Steve Roger (the "Captain America") enlisted in the US Army as a private. Then, after undergoing the super-soldier treatment and proving himself in action he got promoted:
Col. Chester Phillips: I asked for an army and all I got was you. You are not enough.
Senator Brandt: [to Steve] With all due respect to the Colonel, I think we may be missing the point. I’ve seen you in action, Steve. More importantly, the country’s seen it. [to his aide] Paper.[the aide shows them the news paper (‘The New York Examiner’ Vol. XCVII No. 33.634, Wednesday, June 23, 1943), headlines: "Nazis in New York - mystery man saves child"] The enlistment lines have been around the block since your picture hit the newsstands. You don’t take a soldier, a symbol like that, and hide him in a lab. Son, do you want to serve your country on the most important battlefield of the war?
Steve Rogers: Sir, that’s all I want.
Senator Brandt: Then, congratulations. You just got promoted.
Well obviously, "Captain America" sounds better than "Private America" but was this promotion legal?
From the wiki article about "Battlefield promotion":
A battlefield promotion is awarded to enlisted soldiers who are promoted to a higher enlisted rank during combat or combat conditions. [...]"Battlefield promotions are predicated on extraordinary performance of duties while serving in combat or under combat conditions." It can be used to promote an individual soldier one grade, to at most staff sergeant, and has a variety of constraints.
So from that above, Steve could be at best "Sergeant America". But he became an officer:
A battlefield commission is awarded to enlisted soldiers who are promoted to the rank of commissioned officer for outstanding leadership on the field of battle. The granting of a battlefield commission has its historical predecessor in the medieval practice of the knighting or ennoblement of a plebeian combatant on the battleground for demonstration of heroic qualities in an exceptional degree. In the medieval context, this martial achievement was often one of the main restricted pathways into the sword-bearing feudal aristocracy.
From World War I to the Vietnam War, over 31,200 sailors, soldiers, Marines, and airmen had been awarded battlefield commissions. Such a commission is usually advancement from a position of non-commissioned officer to a commissioned officer, generally O-1 - Second Lieutenant, or Ensign in the Navy and Coast Guard.
So we have here a guy, who jumped not only 7 grades as a NCO but also 3 grades (from 2nd Lieutenant to Captain) without any officer training.
Was this promotion legally binding or was Steve only "honorary Captain"?