Mostly in the cartoons and in some TV series or movies sometimes the screen turned black mid-between a sudden surprise scene, which impacts great to maintaining goosebumps. The last i noticed this is in the Under the Dome. Is there a specific term or name for it?
Sorry to disappoint, but it's just called "cut to black" (as opposed to the more traditional "fade to black"). Sometimes things are called exactly what you'd expect.
If a screenwriter wanted to emphasize that the picture is to remain black for awhile, usually the script would describe something audio-only, e.g.:
Looking down into the grave, we see the coffin lid close over our very-much-alive hero. CUT TO: BLACK. Heavy breathing. Scratching sounds. . . .
And then in editing usually the big suspenseful music cues are added.
You're probably thinking of a Smash Cut. In effect, this is a 'cut' (the same as if you were watching a film and the film goes from one scene to another), but is much more abrupt.