I'm going to attempt to push the beginnings of an answer to this - without external refs [those may come later]...
The world in 1969 was a different place to today. "Pushing the boundaries" was happening globally in the light of the Beatles, Hippies, [drugs], the Summer of Love, Flower Power, "women's lib" etc etc etc...
The UK has always had different rules to the US as regards 'adult-oriented' entertainment, but this was the 60's... 'unabashed nudity' was a bit of a new privilege, something previous generations hadn't had, & people were trying to make the most of it. This was a huge cultural change.
The BBC established a 'watershed' - a time by which it was judged all good children would be in bed & the audience were more capable of choosing their content for themselves. This watershed idea stands to this day; even on TiVo type services where you can watch anything at any time, there is child-protect by PIN before the actual watershed time.
In the UK, a new channel had just opened - our third. That's not a typo, until then the UK had just two channels, that was it.
BBC2 had a new look - it was in colour; and a new brief - it was more concerned with 'art' than 'popular culture'.
Its raison d'être was to be new, fresh, exciting, not 'establishment' [though it was, of course, still owned by the 'establishment'... you can't have everything]
Monty Python was an early attempt by the BBC to allow 'anything goes' - and though they did have guidelines, they weren't hide-bound in the same way as the other two channels. They were there to be daring, to be... ermm... 'zany, whacky, off-the-wall' & above all.. challenging.
In the late 60's one way to be challenging was to almost show nudity. To threaten to show it, or show it so fast that if you blinked you missed it. [No video recorders back then]
British comedy cinema was also at the time doing the 'brief flash' type topless glimpse - famously in Carry on Camping. These days, if you pause the video, you do actually get to see approximately 2 frames of Barbara Windsor's nipples... not all that exciting to a modern audience, but quite risqué for its time.
Society has changed a lot since then, but over the late 60's, early 70s eventually more & more nudity managed to sneak onto British TV.. However, it became passé, eventually we'd all seen it & something else had to replace that titilation.
In the 70's it was violence, in the 80's bad language... eventually it actually took US cable TV to say 'c*nt' for the first time on air [Deadwood, HBO, to save you having to look it up]... but by then the journey was almost over.
The pioneers had done it - differently in different countries, but the world had changed.
New things are now controversial, Game of Thrones or Henry VIII gets out more bare flesh in a single episode than the entirety of the 60s & no-one is really bothered too much any more.
From comments - the UK has never really subscribed to the "family values" pressure group structure [in TV or anything else]. The closest we got was a woman called Mary Whitehouse who was trying, at some times it seemed single-handedly, to keep Britain 'clean'.
To most, including television's Spitting Image & The Mary Whitehouse Experience, she was a figure of ridicule.
 More than it being in colour - the existing 2 channels were black & white only - it was on a new waveband, UHF rather than VHF & 625 lines PAL rather than the old 405 line system. [The UK never adopted the US/Japanese NTSC broadcast system, deeming it too poorly-specified (which honestly it was)]
People had to buy a new TV to even see BBC2 at all.