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When Erik Killmonger takes over Wakanda he plants to send Wakandan weapons and technology to all parts of the world and reveal to the world the true nature of Wakanda. T'Challa and the rest of the good guys fight him to prevent that and they ultimately succeed.

In the mid-credits scene T'Challa goes to the United Nations and reveals the true nature of Wakanda, with all their technology and advancements and furthermore decides to share their technology, knowledge and vibranium.

Why does he do that?

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The Black Panther film is mainly about T'Challa deciding what kind of King he is going to be.

'It's hard for a good man to be a king.'

In a way T'Challa agrees with Erik but he doesn't think he is going about it the right way.

Throughout the movie we can visibly see T'Challa disagrees with the ways of the past Kings because he argues with his father in his second vision saying

"You were wrong we shouldn't have left him"

I personally feel like Killmonger comes off as a Malcolm X kind of person whereas T'Challa is more MLK. Killmonger wants to liberate his people being oppressed all over the world but through destruction and power. Whereas T'Challa feels (at the start) Wakanda shouldn't get involved.

I believe that Eriks viewpoints made T'Challa change his mind about sharing resources and helping others. This is why in the credits he decided that Wakanda should share resources.

During the film T'Challa learns this lesson:

“The wise build bridges while the foolish build barriers.”

T'Challa realises to progress he must "build bridges" with the rest of the world instead of isolating themselves.

Another reason he might have done this is because of M'Baku and the Jabari tribe. They isolated themselves from the rest of Wakanda but when in times of need T'Challa realized it the Jabari tribe who came to his rescue and not any of the other more progressed tribes like for example the river tribe.

Another reason might be that when M'Baku said:

"No King has been up here in centuries, why should we help you?"

T'Challa realises by helping others he can help himself. T'Challa does this to form friendships and strong alliances with the rest of the world no matter how technologically inferior they are.

According to Time:

In the first post-credits scene, T’Challa stands before the United Nations. He promises that Wakanda, formerly a isolationist nation, will share its knowledge and resources with the rest of the world: “The wise build bridges while the foolish build barriers.”

The speech is a blatant rebuke of the Trump administration’s immigration policies, a continuation of the film’s overtly political themes. (Black Panther isn’t even the first superhero movie to tackle immigration. Last year’s X-Men movie Logan took umbrage at the persecution of immigrants.) Avengers: Infinity War probably won’t be as political as Black Panther, but there’s a chance that T’Challa’s new philosophy plays a role in his decision to join his fellow superheroes in stopping Thanos.

T’Challa’s announcement is great news for any city that wants to build a more efficient subway system like the one in Wakanda. But sharing Vibranium, Wakanda’s most precious resource and the metal found in both Black Panther’s suit and Captain America’s shield, is risky. Vibranium weapons could be more effective against Thanos. But if the metal falls into the wrong hands (say, Loki’s) that could mean disaster for our heroes.

According to Vox:

Throughout Black Panther, we’re reminded in various ways that most people believe Wakanda to be a poor, third-world nation. But the reality is that it’s the most technologically advanced country on Earth, with all kinds of weaponry, science, and tech that far surpass what other countries have.

T’Challa promising to reveal Wakanda’s unrivaled capabilities and power seems to put Wakanda in an extremely important position going into Avengers: Infinity War. The idea is that, when Thanos shows up to wreak havoc on Earth, the fate of the planet will ultimately depend on the efforts of its mightiest country: Wakanda.

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    Nice Malcom X and MLK comparison. – Kodos Johnson Mar 2 '18 at 17:59
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    I think one important thing to note is that it's not as simple as T'Challa/Killmonger presenting two different points of view. All of the characters have their own subtle difference on this problem. Nakia is one who disapproves of isolationism, because her stance is that she cannot stand idly by while others suffer. Shuri and her technological view of improvement is another factor that lets him see what sort of benefits others could see. Okoye has a traditionalist stance, but still sees empathy and the ability to step in where necessary. M'baku sees Wakanda using tech in a childlike way .... – DariM Mar 5 '18 at 3:26
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    .. W'kabi saw a problem with accepting refugees as a fundamental change to what Wakanada would be, but felt like he could be empowered to go out into the world and restore order and peace. N'Jobu betrayed Wakanda because he felt the isolationist policies were betraying oppressed people, and therefore felt like arming them would empower the oppressed to free themselves. T'Challa's final stance is sort of a mix of all of these viewpoints/lessons, and the consequences of some. – DariM Mar 5 '18 at 3:30
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Killmonger disagrees with Wakanda's policy of secrecy and neutrality in various world crises. But his method was not to send Wakandan weapons and technology around the world to reveal it and share with others. He wanted to conquer the world with that superior technology. That's why T'Challa and others stop him.

But during this conflict Killmonger manages to convince T'Challa that Wakanda's inaction is something he as a king shouldn't continue, so he decides to reveal and share Wakandan scientific advances and technological marvels with the rest of the world.

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The movie posits three options regarding Wakanda's technological superiority.

First, Wakanda can keep that information secret. This has been their approach for centuries.

The other two options arise when the information is revealed.

Option two is Killmonger's plan: Reveal Wakanda's strength militarily, and easily dominate his enemies in battle. Set up the "top-down" reign over the world that fits his ego.

Option three is T'Challa's: Reveal Wakanda's technological and cultural superiority as a power for good in the world. Establish Wakanda as a benevolent leader, sharing their technology with nations as those nations become wise enough to use it selflessly. Help shepherd the other nations through the turbulent steps into using this technology, and spread peace and connection while doing it.

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