Well, I am not quite sure about the background chants (something in Sanskrit language) but Mola Ram (Amrish Puri) prays to Kali Maa* (considered as goddess of power) in the "Temple of Doom's heart removal scene" as follows:
Boy (to be sacrificed)
"Agar koi hai toh mujhe bachao" = "If somebody's there, then save me !"
"Koi mujhe, koi mujhe bachao"&...
That is one of the things wrong about this movie. While that village is supposed to be indian, those were Sri Lankan people and spoke sinhalese; Native language of SL. How do I know? Cuz I'm Sri Lankan as well.
And to answer your question Indy says "Thank You, Thank you so much" (Isthoothyi, Bohoma Isthoothyi")
Lucas made the film a prequel as he did not want the Nazis to be the villains once more.
From Lucas himself:
Lucas: We made Temple Of Doom a prequel because we didn't want to use the same bad guys. We had ideas about the Monkey King. We had ideas for a haunted-castle movie but then Steve had just done Poltergeist and said, "I don't wanna do that again." ...
There is strong evidence that he says something along the lines of: "Thank you, thank you very much".
The script (if we assume it is legit) differs from the scene in some significant points, which seems to indicate that part of that scene was either improvised or rewritten on set.
WILLIE: (quietly) God, ...
I'm sitting in front of the movie right now. The only foreign words he says to the locals in this scene are "Istuti" and "Bohoma istuti", which mean "Thank you" and "Thank you very much" respectively in Sinhala. Are those the words you meant? Or maybe there's an extended version I'm unaware of?
EDIT: And I think atticae's assumption is correct. As his ...
It was due to his treatment of the Sankara Stones:
From the wiki:
According to legend, five stones were given to Sankara by the Hindu
god Shiva on Mount Kalisa, along with the message that he should go
forth and battle evil with them.
Now, Shiva is one of the gods of the Hindu faith (and other faiths, but we focus on Hindu as it is prevalent in the ...
IN UNIVERSE: There was no other way out at the time.
After Indiana, Willie and Short Round free the children from their chains, the children start running toward the opening of the cave to escape. While the children are escaping, Indiana gets stopped by a man and fighting ensues.
Short Round and Willie stay behind to try and save Indiana. While we see ...
During the sacrifice, Mola Ram chants in Hindi, imploring "Kali Ma Shakti de," asking for the "Spiritual power of Mother Kali (Goddess in Hindu Mythology)."
Mola Ram's chantings of "Maaro maaro sooar ko, chamdi nocho pee lo khoon" literally translated from Hindi is "Kill, Kill the pig, flay his skin, drink his blood".
"Aum Namah ...
Perhaps the mind-control blood/serum works better on children/those of weaker mind? Indy was able to be "broken out" by Short Round quite easily, so maybe Mola Ram primarily used the serum on children who, even if partially "broken out," would be too terrified to fully resist anyway.
Then, Mola Ram, in his arrogance, didn't think that Indy would be able to ...
Not for Kingdom of the Crystal Skulls specifically, which wasn't developed until the 2000s. Doubtful but possible during the 1990s for a theoretical 4th Indy movie.
The following answer rests on an assumption, but it is an assumption with a very strong foundation. The assumption is that Spielberg would only consider bringing Lao Che back if Chiao was able to ...