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55

There will be separate microphones capturing the audience laughter. This means that during editing, laughter from one take can be used for a different take.


26

Usually the audience laughter is recorded such that it can be edited into the soundtrack, known as the laugh track. Many shows have gone so far as to use so-called "canned laughter" - which was pre-recorded and sold to studios.


18

In addition to the editing techniques mentioned, many shows with a live audience also have a comedian who serves to warm-up the audience. This is common on both talk shows and on sitcom tapings. It makes the audience feel looser and eases them into engaging later on when they are watching the material that is being taped.


9

Yes, Any network could change their decision and cancel a show after renewing it or (more likely) order a small number of episodes. For example The Brink starring Jack Black. HBO renewed the show for season 2 then reversed the decision From this HBO Cancels The Brink The network has reversed its Season 2 renewal HBO has cancelled The Brink after its first ...


8

Based on my own experiences as a member on several live audiences and from discussions with a friend who is a writer and producer ... The audience is explicitly told that they need to react to re-takes as if you hadn't already heard the joke. Don't flub the lines. Most sitcom actors are also stage actors, used to live theatre. Direction, timing, and ...


8

When you go in as part of a live audience the producer and director and set director talk to you and make you feel like you're going to be part of the show so when they tell the joke they tell the crowd to applaud and even though they've heard the joke several times they're told that every time you're asked to applaud you do it like it's the first time if ...


6

I went to a sitcom taping once. If I recall correctly (it was about 20 years ago, "Just Shoot Me"), there were rarely more than 2 or 3 takes of each scene. In addition, they usually tried different jokes in each take. The main point of doing all these takes was to see which jokes worked best, it was rarely because something went wrong and they ...


6

Situational Comedy A sitcom, short for "situation comedy", is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode. Sitcoms can be contrasted with sketch comedy, where a troupe may use new characters in each sketch, and stand-up comedy, where a comedian tells jokes and stories to an audience. Sitcoms ...


5

You're not the only person who's wondered about this. How Did Frasier Afford His Apartment? The key points of this investigation are: Frasier's apartment is estimated to cost one million (1993) dollars. As a practicing psychiatrist, he may have earned a bit more than $100,000 per year As a radio host, his salary was likely much lower (the author provides ...


4

A "diamond lane" is another name for a "HOV (High Occupancy Vehicle) Lane," so named because they are typically marked with diamonds painted on the pavement (and sometimes on lighted signs above them). A high-occupancy vehicle lane (also known as an HOV lane, carpool lane, diamond lane, 2+ lane, and transit lane or T2 or T3 lanes) is a restricted traffic ...


4

Sure it can. If one of the main stars say or do something stupid, any show can get canned. For example professional Blowhard Donald Trump racist remarks resulted in Univision and NBC from dropping his shows. http://starcasm.net/archives/320385 “At NBC, respect and dignity for all people are cornerstones of our values,” begins a statement issued by the ...


4

Lotion is not a metaphor for masturbation. It's evidence that the act has transpired, because it's a tool used in the act of masturbation. Kleenex is also used in the act.


3

One factor is that comic actors will usually stop as soon as it's clear that a retake is needed, to avoid spoiling any more of the scene than necessary. (This is of course the opposite of non-live recording, where actors generally keep going until they hear “Cut”, to maximise the usable footage.)


3

The complex answer is yes and no. Sitcoms are "situation comedies" and therefore require a comedic value to situations. Let's be clear, the average person doesn't have 23 comedic situations per year. There may be that many or more misunderstandings, but most misunderstandings in romantic relations (let's skip politics) can be corrected before it escalates to ...


3

First of all, a sitcom is about one thing, being funny. In order to be funny, sitcoms sometimes play off of stereotypes about cultures. Stereotypes should never be used by one culture to judge another culture. An excerpt from the wikipage on the subject: A stereotype is a thought that may be adopted about specific types of individuals or certain ways of ...


3

The purpose of the “B” story or subplot is so that the supporting characters in the program have something to do in addition to providing reactions to and validation for the actions of the protagonist. The B story/subplot interweaves with the main story and often provides the main story with added measure of heft that it may lack to to editing and the need ...


3

I would say so. Yes, audiences can be warmed up and put into a jovial mood, but, ultimately, the laughter you'd hear with a live audience would be a reaction to something that just happened, and the degree of reaction will depend on the quality of the writing/performing. Compare that to just inserting the same laugh sound at the end of every line, which ...


3

Well, you say "sitcom," so by that definition we're looking for an ongoing series of comedic television shows where the episodes involve the same characters in a more-or-less stable setting. The first animated television series, by many accounts, was Crusader Rabbit, which ran from 1950-1959. It's not "adult" in any useful sense, and it's arguably too all-...


2

Lower quality writing associated with network shows is more likely a factor of the high number of episodes in a given season. (Note that shows regarded as "high quality" such as on HBO, Showtime or AMC have an extremely limited number of episodes. Gary Shandling talked about this at length in regards to the Larry Sanders show, which was one of the early ...


2

Max Headroom was cancelled partway into its second season, when it was put up against Miami Vice, on one network, and Dallas, on another, and basically died in the ratings due to it's time slot. The final episode makes ironic reference to this in a speech the character gives: "We will fight them on the beaches of Miami," said Max with the fervor of Winston ...


2

Another aspect that I didn't see mentioned is the fact that a lot (not all) of British shows are publicly financed (BBC/Channel 4). While a lot of the American shows are privately financed (network TV). As a business, if you have something that's making you money, you want to leverage that as long as you can. Whereas as a service for the public, one can ...


1

A few years ago, I was invited to be in the "audience" for a multi-camera show called "Partners," starring Kelsey Grammer and Martin Lawrence. What was unusual is that the show had already been filmed and edited, but it hadn't aired yet. The reactions of the live audience, watching the recorded show in a screening room, were to be added ...


1

I am not an expert, but I have sometimes seen episodes of a rather unusual sitcom called Just Roll With It (2019-2021). They definately have a studio audience, since closes ups of audience members reactng are seen, and even sometimes views of the stands full of audience members. The cast members mingle with the audience at the end of the show. And from what ...


1

Whilst there are re-records, in a lot of cases there will be a warm-up guy keeping the audience in a good mood so that they laugh a lot for the jokes, and sometimes the audience is just quite happy just to be there. When I went to one (Red Dwarf), most scenes had several takes yet the warm-up guy kept us all in good spirits. Also, the audience laughter can ...


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