Gattaca is a 1997 science fiction film starring Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman, and Jude Law about a future society obsessed with human genetics. Protoembryos are screened to select only the best of the parents' traits. Each individual's genetics determine their profession and opportunities; those born without screening are expected to be troublesome and relegated to menial careers. The story deals with the power of the human spirit to exceed expectations.

Gattaca also stars Loren Dean, Ernest Borgnine, Gore Vidal, and Alan Arkin. Written and directed by Andrew Niccol.

Critical reception

Despite critical acclaim, Gattaca was not a box office success but it is said to have crystallized the debate over tampering with human genetics. The film's dystopian depiction of "genoism" has been cited by many bioethicists and laymen in support of their hesitancy about, or opposition to, liberal eugenics and the societal acceptance of the genetic-determinist ideology that may frame it. In a 1997 review of the film for the journal Nature Genetics, molecular biologist Lee M. Silver stated that "Gattaca is a film that all geneticists should see if for no other reason than to understand the perception of our trade held by so many of the public-at-large."

It was nominated for the AMPAS Academy Award in Best Art Direction, and nominated for a Golden Globe for Best Original Score.