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185

Found a couple of references although different countries may have different guidelines Source A - US Rules The ampersand (e.g. “Al Gough & Miles Millar”) means that the two writers are a team, and are treated as one person for WGA purposes. The other version (e.g. “Josh Friedman and David Koepp”) indicates that the writers worked at different ...


102

Summary: Legal/contractual obligations to list all staff who've worked on film Evidence that staff have worked on film, which can be used to help them gain future employment Some movie-goers are extremely interested in credits and finding out who was responsible for what Detailed Answer: Union Rules/legalities E! Online were asked a question about why ...


62

Monty Python's Flying Circus did this. According to TV Tropes: Credits Gag: In addition to many Creative Closing Credits, the placement of the credits in the show's sequence was a gag in itself. Of particular note is the episode "The Golden Age of Ballooning", where the closing credits ran about halfway through the show. The next episode, "...


58

From forbes by Carol Pinchefsky, Note: I had wondered if Dinklage’s Outstanding Supporting Actor Emmy award had anything to do with the position of his name on the credits. However, Elizabeth Moseley, the director of Theatrical & Television Contracts at SAG-AFTRA, told me that an award doesn’t guarantee top billing. Moseley said the credits are “...


51

According to David Feldman's book Imponderables: The Solution to the Mysteries of Everyday Life: Why are copyrighted dates on movies and television shows written in Roman numerals? The general consensus is the "deception theory": to "make it difficult for viewers to determine exactly how old the show is", the reason being the older the ...


44

From this question & answer at Science Fiction & Fantasy What’s with the clanks at the end of the credits in Avengers: Endgame? According to Vanity Fair Disney have confirmed.... There is no traditional Marvel end-of-credits scene or teaser in Avengers: Endgame—but there is a little treat for patient fans who sat through the movie’s ...


43

Hugh Laurie has been well known in the UK since the 1980s, appearing in such popular TV shows as: The Young Ones A Bit of Fry and Laurie Blackadder (series 2 - 4) Jeeves and Wooster And parts in the films: Peter's Friends 101 Dalmations Spice World Before 1998 when these episodes were made. As these episodes were set in the UK, a well known (and ...


41

The rules for how the order of credits is produced is very long and convoluted. They also vary from show to show, so for any one "rule of thumb" it's almost guaranteed you can find an exception on the air right now on some channel. The basic guidelines that most shows follow most of the time are drawn from the rules for the various industry guilds. In the ...


40

There are a lot of films with actors/actresses who dominate the film, but actually have very little screen time. For example, Orson Welles in The Third Man had ~10 minutes of screen time. Heath Ledger in The Dark Knight had just under 20 minutes. Judi Dench won an Oscar for Shakespeare in Love for less than 8 minutes acting time. Similarly, Beatrice Straight ...


39

It's actually an initial on her letterman sweater. Sabrina attends Baxter High School. Sabrina Spellman, a teenage half-witch who lives in the town of Greendale with her aunts, her cousin Ambrose, and her familiar Salem. Unbeknownst to Sabrina, when she was just a year old, she was taken from her mother, Diana, by her aunts with the approval of her ...


37

EDIT: We might have a new record. In the US historical epic One Night with the King from 2006, Peter O'Toole briefly appears in the prologue as the Prophet Samuel for "barely 30 seconds", according to Leonard Maltin's 2015 Movie Guide. (I timed it myself and it's about 25 seconds). Despite this, he's top-billed as the film's star: Another notable example ...


36

I believe the notorious film Irréversible does this as part of its "reverse chronology" gimmick. The credits roll right at the very beginning, reversed so they scroll from top-to-bottom instead of bottom-to-top. Even though it doesn't count, as it's not a movie or TV show, I feel obliged to mention Donkey Kong Country. You defeat King K. Rool, a fake set of ...


30

From IMDB: The closing title card, "Based on the character of 'The Bride' created by Q and U", refers to the first initials of Quentin Tarantino and Uma Thurman.


30

This is because there is a difference between how IMDb (or another source) lists the actor's name than their credit in a movie. The name after 'as' shows how they were credited in the movie. In the case here, it is because there is a difference in the capitalization between Dane DeHaan and Dane Dehaan. The difference here is relatively minor, they can be ...


30

The very-first end-credit scene was apparently from The Silencers movie which was released in the year 1966 based on this article The first modern post-credits scene seems to be the tag at the end of The Silencers, a 1966 James Bond spoof starring Dean Martin, according to the site What's After the Credits? The scene in question parodied the familiar ...


29

From the IMDB trivia page James Earl Jones supplied the voice of Darth Vader, but specifically requested that he not be credited. At the time, the reason he cited was that he felt he had not done enough work to get the billing, but he later admitted that he didn't want his name associated with the film because he was still an up-and-coming actor, and didn'...


29

Same reason everything else about their credits is formatted as it is: their contracts said so. In the specific case of EPs, there's really three different "kinds" of executive producer for a TV show (with movies it's slightly different): Some executive producers are credited because they own the rights to intellectual property that requires they be given ...


27

My best answer comes from an answer that was given to this same question in 2006: Adult Myers is introduced in the screenplay as a shape jumping on the back of Marion's car. Therefore, for script consistency, the term was used for the rest of the draft and eventually the series. Also, there is further explanation and links to the script here. The ...


26

Money. In this case Time which equals money. The vast majority of TV content is still provided by TV networks who make their income from ads. Every second not devoted to actual content is a second they can't sell. Now, the credits in TV are usually down to union rules/contracts and what can be negotiated by the producers. Chuck Lorre is famous for having ...


26

Because the producers saw the potential for a "will they, won't they"-relationship. Quoting Wikipedia: The chemistry between Janel Moloney and Bradley Whitford, who portrayed Josh Lyman, caught producers' attention early in the series. After seeing Moloney and Whitford perform together in the pilot, Aaron Sorkin added a scene in which Donna argues ...


26

I believe this is due to what TV Tropes calls a "Small Reference Pool" - pop culture's understanding of a topic only goes so far. Top Gear always uses these gag credits during its foreign specials, using either the names of famous people from that region, or a name commonly associated with that region ("Billy Bob", during the infamous USA special). But how ...


26

Yes, that was the Captain Marvel logo:


25

According to an article about the credits for the movie at TrekMovie.com, although they [Hemsworth and Morrison] don’t appear in the film, some of their dialog from the 2009 movie can be briefly heard during a dream sequence/flashback. Presumably that counts as a speaking part, so they have to be in the credits.


25

A lot of this will be defining terms. Animation Prior to the advent of computer animation, animation meant taking a bunch of still photos that had slight changes from one photo to the next and then playing those photos back fast enough to create the illusion of smooth motion. When doing animation this way, it's critically important to control every ...


24

There's a bit of prestige being listed last. Generally this spot is for a famous actor that has a small role. For the Hobbit movies, Bloom isn't in all the films so he won't get the same type of billing as the regular players. The SAG rules are different for guest stars and featured players than for principal players. For Andy Serkis, I think it's because he'...


22

According to IMDb there are only 17 movies (including shorts) that uses this rolling down credits technique, the earliest being just the one you used as example: Kiss Me Deadly (1955). In the list of movies that match this request there's also, as you mentioned, Seven (1999). Recently, the movie Next (2007) used this approach, making it the last to do so ...


22

The Screen Actor's Guild sets certain required pay scales for actors. In some cases actors will agree to pay adjustments or a lack of credit as a favor to a friend directing the film (Robin Williams in Baron Munchausen) or just to have the chance to cameo in the film for fun. In some cases an actor won't be billed so as not to spoil a surprise. Lately the ...


21

Game of Throne's opening sequence clocks at 1:50 minutes, which is indeed longer than most modern TV opening credits that rarely break a minute. There are several reasons for this: To establish an epic feeling for the series. A similar series, Rome, has a credit sequence that lasts 1:30. To establish where the action takes place. Each episode the camera ...


21

Generally, these abbreviations you see indicate a society or union that person is a member of. Since such societies are very distinctive and respected ones, people add it to their names in credits. Just like when one has Ph.D. degree, he/she would prefix Dr. or suffix Ph.D. in his/her name. 1. A.C.E. It stands for American Cinema Editors, a society for ...


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