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67

A brand like Pizza Hut can be trademarked but not copyrighted. Copyrights allow the author (or owner of the copyright) to retain exclusive rights to use the work or significant portions of it. Trademarks do not work that way. Trademarks are meant to provide legal recourse when a business uses the same or similar name, logo, design, catchphrase, etc., as ...


56

For a character to be protected by copyright, it must be an original creation. Tolkien never had a copyright on elves or orcs, because both of those creatures existed in literature prior to The Lord of the Rings. On the other hand, Hobbits were an original creation, so the use of a Hobbit character would require a license from the Tolkien estate. That's why ...


51

According to David Feldman's book Imponderables: The Solution to the Mysteries of Everyday Life: Why are copyrighted dates on movies and television shows written in Roman numerals? The general consensus is the "deception theory": to "make it difficult for viewers to determine exactly how old the show is", the reason being the older the ...


50

According to this article, Movies Disney will acquire following movie franchises from Fox. X-Men movies Fantastic Four movies Star Wars (the rights to the original and prequel trilogies) Deadpool series Avatar series Planet of the Apes series It will also acquire some of the older films. Night at the Museum films Home Alone films Doctor Dolittle films ...


44

Yes Screenrant.com WSJ’s report also contains a few interesting accounts of how recent and upcoming movies were kept under wraps. Each copy of each script for The Hunger Games adaptations has a few slightly different words, so that if it reaches the public the studio will be able to figure out exactly where the leak came from. It's called a Canary Trap ...


28

Outside of officially licensed appearances, it would be copyright/trademark infringement and illegal. Movie studios own the characters in the films. The actors do not. Unless the actors get specific permission from the studio to appear as their character, it's generally not allowed as someone will get sued over it. Could Johnny Depp appear in a commercial ...


12

They are. Several methods are being researched but aren't at a delivery phase yet. Here's two or three... Camera Detection & Jamming Researchers have been trying to develop effective ways to jam a camera for years, says Edward Delp, professor of electrical and computer engineering at Purdue University. A number of companies, including Philips, ...


11

As MeatTrademark has alluded to in his comment, public domain works possess no tangible copyright from which licence fees can be extracted. An author's intellectual property protection expires in most cases 70 years after publication (making it almost always outside their lifetime), however in the United States this has been somewhat dubiously extended to ...


10

Yes, essentially all produced art is copyrighted simply by being created. Is it fair use? IANAL (I am not a lawyer) but in the US "fair use" covers typically low fidelity reproduction for the purposes of parody, criticism, news or education. However, on one hand publishers want trailers to be distributed as widely as possible because people being ...


10

This is a legal question. At least in the US, parody and satire fall under the fair use umbrella of copyright law. A remake requires permission if the material being remade is copyrighted. You can't remake Star Wars without permission as the story and characters are protected under copyright and trademark laws. You could remake a Sherlock Holmes story ...


10

To know exactly why, one would have to have access to the contracts. (e.g. even though the Kree first appeared in a Fantastic Four comic Marvel was able to use them for Guardians of The Galaxy) But the reason why Marvel doesn't own the film rights to some of their properties goes back to the 90s. In 1996 Marvel filed for bankruptcy. In 1999 Peter Cuneo ...


9

No According to Forbes: Part of Disney’s acquisition is set to include the purchase of 20th Century Fox Television. This is not the same thing as Disney purchasing the Fox network, which is not part of the deal. What Disney is potentially buying is every show Fox produces, including The Simpsons, Family Guy, The Gifted, Empire and off-network shows ...


9

Due to the nature of music related copyright laws, its anyone's guess. What we do know is that copyright exceptions allow for satire (using or changing a copyrighted work to make a statement on society) which this is not, and parody (using or changing a work to make a statement about the work), which this also is not. Aside from Fair Use exceptions, there is ...


9

It was a joke, and companies often allow jokes or other "fair use" references to their intellectual property. What would be the purpose of a lawsuit? What kind of outcome would they want? I'm not a lawyer but I guess they might seek financial recompense or to ban the showing of Deadpool with that reference in it. The level of loss to Warner Bros ...


7

Here is some info, although I don't know how reliable it is: "Alright, Gambit1024! I understand why Spider-Man and Wolverine can't be in the Avengers now, after all! But there's still one thing I don't get: Can Marvel/Disney get the rights to those characters back?" They sure can, little voice! See, the contracts for say, Daredevil and the FF, say ...


6

Legally, 20th Century Fox may object to the use of characters it is producing. So Marvel and Fox may both end up in suing soup due to some characters if one of them decides to sue the other. Though my opinion would be that both firms lawyers and management would negotiate the films and scripts to get a way out of this. Its just power play to get leverage ...


5

It is called structure protection.The video stream is divided into a large number of segments between a few seconds and several minutes in length, which are then linked in a different order in each of the "n" titles, only one of which is the correct order for watching the movie. Any foolish attempt to copy the DVD will either result in an image which is ...


5

If you look at the top of that chart, you'll see it refers specifically to Live Action rights. Animation rights are negotiated separately. For precisely these kinds of situations, Marvel Entertainment is structured into a few dozen subdivisions so that different legal entities can produce different kinds of media using the same characters. Generally ...


5

None of what you said. It became public domain the second it was distributed/screened to the public due to the US copyright law at the time. You were required to include a copyright symbol on the work to copyright it, per the 1909 Copyright Act and Townsend amendment. No symbol, no copyright, instant public domain. From the mouth of the lich king himself: ...


5

It depends on the country and the individual factors can be complicated. But the easiest way is to check if it already appears on a list of public domain films. For example, Wikipedia's "List of films in the public domain in the United States" has plenty of information about determining public domain status, including: If a film appears on the list below,...


5

As @VedranŠego's answer says, Fox owns X-men rights till they make movie on them. Fox already have lost rights of Daredevil and related property, so they are not seen interested in losing anymore rights of Marvel character. Some rumors suggest Fox has to use this property and make film in every 3-4 year too sustain rights. And currently, Fox didn't stop ...


4

Anything beyond 'fair use' of a copyrighted piece of work is illegal without getting permission or a license to use it. Description of US copyright 'rules' for fair use can be seen at copyright.gov. Clearly interpretation of fair use is complex but basically the main aspects are: Whether you intend to profit from the use of the copyrighted material - a ...


4

Yes, they are copyrighted. The precedent-setting case was filed by the Walt Disney company, so you should definitely get their permission first. http://www.out-law.com/en/articles/2003/august/trailers-are-not-fair-use-of-movie-copyrights/ On the other hand, I have heard that very old trailers, say earlier than the 1970s, were never issued with a copyright ...


4

Freeform have announced a Marvel TV Show, New Warriors, and have included Squirrel Girl in the line up. She has been cast and will be played by Milana Vayntrub. Excerpt from link: It’s unclear if New Warriors will take place in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, as it will be Marvel’s first comedy TV series since it began producing its own content in ...


4

Names and titles are not protected by US copyright. See Circular 1, Copyright Basics. You may be thinking of trademarks; I suggest searching TESS to find out what protections exist for a given name. If you want to make commercial use of an existing character you should definitely get a lawyer.


3

Ok, with the usual disclaimer that we're not here to offer legal advice, and we don't actually know the territory you live in. First of all the material you are considering copying is covered by Copyright law in most parts of the world, which on its own might make copying a movie onto a NAS illegal (even one that you have purchased and still own). However ...


3

Readability and Internationalization Movies are mostly produced on reels of film (few are digital). Physical film can degrade over time making it difficult to read numeric values. Some numbers will look exactly the same, for example the number 6 will become 5 when the film becomes old. Where as, roman numerals are easier to read when the film degrades. A ...


3

Fair Use in the United States is pretty nuanced and open to interpretation. From section 107 of the Copyright Act: Courts will balance the purpose and character of the use against the other factors. Additionally, "transformative" uses are more likely to be considered fair. Transformative uses are those that add something new, with a further purpose or ...


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