141

I have worked with children on horror films/thrillers and, having found no official guidelines from SAG other than payment policies such as Coogan's Law, I have usually employed a number of tactics. Firstly, I'll go over the scene and storyboard very carefully with the child's parents/guardians (although this isn't always constructive as many parents will ...


107

A fun example from "The Shining": Because Danny Lloyd was so young, and since it was his first acting job, Stanley Kubrick was highly protective of the child. During the shooting of the movie, Lloyd was under the impression that the film he was making was a drama, not a horror movie. In fact, when Wendy carries Danny away while shouting at Jack in the ...


80

Quite simple: Midnight Cowboy is not a pornographic film. What we have here is a misunderstanding of the original intent of the X rating, which gave rise to the NC-17 rating. Several films from the late 1960s through the 1980s had the X rating applied, including A Clockwork Orange, Beyond the Valley of the Dolls, Fritz the Cat (an animated feature), Last ...


62

The editing, filming techniques, and set attitude can seriously change the perception of what is actually going on. In various horror movie "behind the scenes" (last I can think of is Sam Raimi commentary on Evil Dead), it seems like casts for horror flicks are very upbeat and everybody is having fun. With many horror films it's only once the scenes are ...


49

There was no "PG" in 1968, in either the US or UK. US had G [General] or M [Mature] & no-one in their right mind would edit a family musical to get an M rating, so presumably they were well within the guidelines for the time. In the UK in 1968 the options were U [Universal] or A [Adult] & as it was a British film, these would have been the specific ...


42

In order for a film to get a 12A or PG-13 rating, it cannot contain gratuitous use of profanity: One 'Fuck' is allowed, anymore and it automatically becomes a 15 or R rated. That article features a very humorous piece of meta-textuality, referring to the Movie Be Cool, in which budding film producer Chili Palma states: “Do you know that unless you're ...


40

Though this term is dubious, but as stated on REDDIT and Quora, the term Appropriate Audience means that the trailer of a particular movie is appropriate for the viewers of the movie they are about to watch (simply movie before which this trailer appears). An official e-mail response by MPAA vice president for corporate communications Elizabeth Kaltman to "...


36

I have also worked on film sets and I concur with @Nobby. I think a larger point, though, is that situations are generally only “scary” when actors are in character. For example consider Halloween. An adult dressed like a corpse and covered in bruise makeup and fake blood isn't scary to most children if she’s chatting and laughing and walking around as if ...


30

The BBFC's website contains the following guidelines for 15-rated films: Violence Violence may be strong but should not dwell on the infliction of pain or injury. The strongest gory images are unlikely to be acceptable. Strong sadistic violence is also unlikely to be acceptable. In other words, "strong gory images" or "strong sadistic violence" are ...


28

It's voluntary. Here's a little bit of an interview with a representative from the National Association of Theatre Owners (NATO): “The rating system is voluntary, but we strongly encourage theaters to enforce the rating age restrictions as applied to any movie,” a NATO spokesperson told theWrap. MPAA Can’t Enforce Rating as NY Theater Ignores ...


23

First, the Motion Picture Association of America's (MPAA) film-rating system is voluntary and not enforced by law. Still, most theaters in the United States enforce the ratings and don't let children under 17 into R-rated films without a parent or legal guardian. So it's really up to a child actor's parents whether or not they're allowed to see an R-rated ...


21

Nobody outside the MPAA really knows for sure. There are some general rules that filmmakers follow, depending on what kind of rating they want to go for. A movie can change from PG to PG-13 if it uses a swear word like 'fuck' more than once; some scenes of violence have to be toned down to get a rating of NC-17 (which is considered the rating of death for ...


20

The Hunger Games: Catching Fire was rated 12A in the UK, which gives you one "F" word to use without affecting the age rating of the film. Any more and you get hit with a 15 rating, which would have negatively impacted the films box office takings as less people in the film's target age range would have been able to see it. It's likely that this is why the ...


17

Just to share one related example: Linda Blair in the Exorcist did not understand what she was doing when she was told to act out the masturbation scene. It was only years later that she figured it out. So it's quite possible that child actors are often not quite aware of the exact nature of the scene they're acting out. Source: Linda Blair herself.


16

The MPAA is made up of a group of people that are not connected to the movie industry, overseen by Joan Graves, that make their decisions based on a predetermined 'list' of acceptable and unacceptable behaviors/language.(This wiki-link to the guidelines touches upon the list of acceptable content) According to the MPAA website, these ratings are in place to ...


15

Because there was no PG when Oliver! was released. As per the Wikipedia article: The ratings used from 1968 to 1970 were: †1 †2 Rated G: Suggested for General Audiences Rated M: Suggested for Mature Audiences – parental discretion advised Rated R: Restricted – persons under 16 not admitted, unless accompanied by parent or adult guardian. ...


14

I'm almost certain it comes down to parent permission and what they are comfortable allowing the child to see when working with the directors. Some are naturally more lenient than others while I'm sure some are only allowed on set to film their scenes and they never get to see what they filmed after post-production because of it being too graphic. (The ...


12

Unfortunately, you have completely misconstrued what is going on here. He's not "manspreading"...he's dancing while sitting...as part of a musical scene..


11

I believe the difference is between sexual and non-sexual contexts. Female breasts and nipples are allowed (briefly) in PG and PG-13 movies if they are in a non-sexual context. Kate Winslet's breasts were bare in the PG-13 movie Titanic. (That was a non-sexual scene, though it was sensually charged.) There were also bare female breasts and nipples in the PG-...


11

From businessofcinema.com, seven scenes that were cut by the censorboard of India are: All the cuss words have been muted. Also, some sexual euphemisms have been muted. The triple headshot (with a deagle) scene has been zoomed to show only Deadpool. Because it shows violence. All the nude and love-making scenes have been deleted and some have been ...


11

Different countries have different boards who classify movies and assign ratings, often with different criteria for determining which rating it should receive and sometimes requiring scenes to be cut or otherwise modified to allow the film to receive a rating at all. See, for example, this question about the cuts made to Deadpool to make it suitable for ...


11

The term "B movie", at least in modern movies, doesn't have any kind of official meaning. It's not a rating that gets applied to a movie by some organization, it's really just a "genre" of movie. Originally, the term B-movie was used in much the same way as the B-side of a musical single record; the "B" movie was the "other half" of a double feature. The B ...


10

I could not find any strictly PG movies, but there have been a very few PG-13 rated moved with obvious full frontal female nudity. The most famous of these is almost certainly Titanic, rated PG-13. During the famous drawing scene, Kate Winslet is fully nude; though Dicaprio's sketchbook managed to hide the most intimate bits for most of the scene, there's ...


10

The extra footage included some additional scenes of violence, and gore, and some extremely mild nudity. Specifically: The aftermath of the African "attack" shows more graphically burned or mutilated bodies, making it more clear why people think Superman did it. At one point Bruce Wayne is shown naked from behind. With MPAA ratings, seconds and minutes can ...


10

Actually, at first, it was 16! When the MPAA released the first ratings in 68 to replace the Hays Code, an R rating meant 16+. When the ratings were first conceived, only three where recognized, G, M and R. G were for general audiences, M for mature (parental discretion is advised) and R, for restricted, was 16+. The National Association of Theater ...


9

It's not the time or the leg position that matters, it's the nudity. Absolutely clothing makes a huge difference. Also, most nudity in American movies that are rated R or less is only the breasts and buttocks. I can't think of another example where the female genitals are displayed so prominently (although briefly) in a major motion picture. As far as I ...


8

I believe that the "Appropriate Audience" they are talking about is the audience for the feature that will start after the trailers. For example, someone has decided that viewers of the feature are an appropriate audience to see this version of the trailer being shown before the feature. I agree the language is quite confusing.


7

I know it's a different system, but there was a fascinating interview with the head of the BBFC (the British equivalent of the MPAA) on BBC radio last week. The complete programme is available to download as a podcast. He explains that they have certain rules of thumb (e.g. no more than 4 uses of the F-word in a 12A - roughly equivalent to PG-13), but that ...


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