138

TLDR: There are plenty of films where the "bad guy" wins. Ultimately, the reason why the bad guy wins can come down to a number of reasons, including to be more realistic, to set up a later "good" ending in another film or because it's unexpected, to name a few reasons. Long Answer (note: there will be spoilers for some films below): There are really ...


80

Quite simple: Midnight Cowboy is not a pornographic film. What we have here is a misunderstanding of the original intent of the X rating, which gave rise to the NC-17 rating. Several films from the late 1960s through the 1980s had the X rating applied, including A Clockwork Orange, Beyond the Valley of the Dolls, Fritz the Cat (an animated feature), Last ...


74

Oh good lord, yes. List of lost films (Wikipedia) The Scorsese Film Foundation estimates that more than 90% of American films made before 1929 are totally lost. The Library of Congress estimates that 75% of all silent films are lost. Overall, 50% of American sound films made before 1950 are considered lost films. (film preservation) Films may go missing ...


74

I believe it is due to its great acting and very memorable plot. I'm not aware of any widely-used cinematic techniques that were invented due to the film. When the film was initially released, it struggled at the box office (it earned just $727,000 in its opening weekend). Despite this it received huge critical acclaim, garnered seven Oscar nominations ...


72

To answer this, let's take a quick look at Merriam-Webster's definition of "art", specifically the section on synonyms: ART, SKILL, CUNNING, ARTIFICE, CRAFT mean the faculty of executing well what one has devised. If we look at the art of foleying—for this is what we're talking about—it's sort of interesting to note that it's always been at least as much a ...


69

Where does this metaphor come from? The term "bright" to mean "clever" seems to have originated/evolved in the 18th century.. By the mid 1700s, the term was being said to describe children who were clever or displayed an intelligence remarkable for their age. A hundred years on, the word meant a combination of all these, a meaning akin to our modern ...


62

Short Answer Public sentiment against the Vietnam War meant that it was difficult to show the war in a satisfactory light, especially given that it ended in a costly American defeat. Hollywood had more financial success with focusing on a sympathetic individual or group and leaving the unsympathetic war as a background. Long Answer Michael Paris, emeritus ...


60

Monty Python's Flying Circus did this. According to TV Tropes: Credits Gag: In addition to many Creative Closing Credits, the placement of the credits in the show's sequence was a gag in itself. Of particular note is the episode "The Golden Age of Ballooning", where the closing credits ran about halfway through the show. The next episode, "...


59

Enforcement is perhaps not the word. Although the movie studios had considerable sway and influence over theatre owners at the time they could not insist that the owners maintain the policy of "no late admission". It's possible that they could have included a clause into the contracts to this effect but it seems that the studio went for persuasion instead. ...


53

Well, in terms of the first motion picture ever - i.e. use of the technology to make a moving picture - the credit may go to one of two people. Eadweard Muybridge is credited with inventing the methodology of stringing several photos together to create a moving picture (and creating the technology to take rapid sequential photographs to make this method ...


44

French gentleman thief Arsène Lupin battles the English detective Sherlock Holmes in the 1910 German drama film serial Arsène Lupin contra Sherlock Holmes. Wikipedia says: A contemporary of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Maurice Leblanc (1864–1941) was the creator of the character of gentleman thief Arsène Lupin who, in Francophone countries, has enjoyed a ...


43

You asked a number of questions here; as often happens, not all of them got answered. Try to ask only one question per question. Are there actually rules, written or unwritten, preventing a script with victorious villains ever being made into a movie? Yes. Do a web search for the "Motion Picture Production Code", also known as the "Hays Code". If you'...


42

Bollywood is a portmanteau (a blend of linguistic words), which is derived from Bombay (currently known as Mumbai) and Hollywood, California. The name "Bollywood" is a portmanteau derived from Bombay, India, (the former name for Mumbai) and Hollywood, California, the center of the American film industry. Bollywood does not exist as a physical place. Some ...


37

I took the very unscientific approach of using Wikipedia and their List of biographical films. I then put all the information into a spreadsheet, removed a lot of annoying merged cells and came up with a list and turned this into a hopefully pretty graph: Using this, and ignoring non 20th/21st century people, it looks like Adolf Hitler and Albert Schweitzer ...


37

I don't know if it was the earliest, but certainly one of the earliest plot twists (and the earliest notable one that I know of) was the ending of The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari (1920). The film uses the framing device of a man named Francis sitting on a bench with another man, telling him the story of his encounter with the villainous Dr. Caligari and his ...


36

I believe the notorious film Irréversible does this as part of its "reverse chronology" gimmick. The credits roll right at the very beginning, reversed so they scroll from top-to-bottom instead of bottom-to-top. Even though it doesn't count, as it's not a movie or TV show, I feel obliged to mention Donkey Kong Country. You defeat King K. Rool, a fake set of ...


35

This is a point of great contention, with different sites grading different profanities to different levels of 'swearyness'... Back in 2009 The Magazine TOTALFILM claimed that Casino held the title with 398 F-Bombs, at a rate of 2.23 per minute. This was apparently enough to make it into the Guiness Book of records. Since then however, certain films have ...


32

From Wikipedia: First digital animation in a feature film The first feature film to use digital image processing was the 1973 movie Westworld, a science-fiction film written and directed by novelist Michael Crichton, in which humanoid robots live amongst the humans. John Whitney, Jr, and Gary Demos at Information International, Inc. digitally ...


31

Since your question asks What is the first crossover movie? I'll submit two of the earliest I have found, depending on your definition of "crossover". For movie horror/sci-fi franchises, there is Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943). But I think the earliest could be Laurel and Hardy's appearance in the Our Gang comedy short Wild Poses (1933). Both Our ...


31

China Syndrome was released in 1979 about 2 weeks before a similar nuclear accident at 3 Mile Island, Harrisburg, PA.


31

What you're talking about is a Film Leader. Originally, a frame was inserted once every 16 frames (16 frames per foot for 35mm film) with numbers marked 11 to 3. At some point in the mid 1960's that was changed to a continuous countdown with a new number every second (time interval as opposed to length interval) that ran backwards from 8 to 2. If you ...


29

There's an interesting blog at Vanilla Video discussing this and state it is due to the hand-cranked nature of the projectors and cameras: The earliest cameras and projectors needed to be hand-cranked to advance the film through the gate. This lead to varying frame rates. Early silent films had frame rates from 14 – 26 frames per second, which was ...


27

The reason why musicals are less popular now, or more prolific back in the first half of the century is pretty long, but hopefully engaging and interesting. It certainly was to me when I studied it. There are tons of academic books written about the downfall of musicals, but here's the short(er) version: Musicals (along with Westerns) were very much a ...


24

TL;DR The name MacGuffin does not originate from a particular person's name. It's just a nonsense term that has been around before it was applied to the movie concept of a random item that drives the plot. Long answer Tvtropes attributes Alfred Hitchcock with making the term MacGuffin famous, and Hitchcock himself names one of his screenwriters, Angus ...


24

"Important"? I'm not sure it's really "important", but it's a great movie. It's a wonderfully crafted revenge story. And it's not a revenge you see coming. It's not obvious like "I Know What You Did Last Summer" or "I Spit On Your Grave". You don't even see it coming until it happens. People love a good revenge story. People want to see the good guy ...


24

For a writer, it's important to get your audience to care about your protagonist (whether they are good, bad, ugly, or neutral). If they don't care about and aren't interested in the protagonist, and their plight, then they're not going to care about your story. If you're thinking, well, I'll get the audience to care about the bad guy (etc.), then that ...


24

At least 21 distinct Batmans across films, series and animated series where he is the dominant character. So, there have been 10 Batman films (11 if we include future releases). This number includes 3 serials. The films are: Batman (serial) [stars Lewis Wilson] Batman and Robin (serial) [stars Robert Lowery] Batman: The Movie [stars Adam West] Batman [...


22

The initial motivation was to compete with television, after that it was more like an arms race The original aspect ratio for film was based on an arbitrary choice in the very early days of cinema based on the standard 35mm film used. The resulted in several decades where 1.33 (4:3) was the standard modified (almost imperceptibly) to the academy ratio of 1....


21

I would think Alien vs. Predator would be an example of combining franchises, which was released in 2004. While not a critical success (garnered only 22% Tomatometer), it did gross $80.2 million. It even spawned a sequel, Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem in 2007.


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