Much of The Merovingian's dialogue stems from The Principal of Causality, which was actually a Marxist principal developed by Alexander Spirkin, a Russian philosopher and psychologist.
An excerpt particularly interesting is:
The concepts of "cause" and "effect" are used both for defining
simultaneous events, events that are contiguous in time, and events
whose effect is born with the cause. In addition, cause and effect are
sometimes qualified as phenomena divided by a time interval and
connected by means of several intermediate links. For example, a solar
flare causes magnetic storms on Earth and a consequent temporary
interruption of radio communication. The mediate connection between
cause and effect may be expressed in the formula: if A is the cause of
B and B is the cause of C, then A may also be regarded as the cause of
C. Though it may change, the cause of a phenomenon survives in its
result. An effect may have several causes, some of which are necessary
and others accidental.
As you can see, this is the foundation of The Merovingian's quotes (on the page you linked) about causality, as well as time.