One of the conversations between Morpheus and Neo in The Matrix is:

When the Matrix was first built, there was a man born inside who had the ability to change whatever he wanted, to remake the Matrix as he saw fit. It was he who freed the first of us, taught us the truth - As long as the Matrix exists, the human race will never be free. After he died, the Oracle prophesied his return and his coming would hail the destruction of the Matrix, end the war, bring freedom to our people. That is why there are those who have spent our entire lives searching the Matrix looking for him.

Morpheus believed that Neo is the one, but Neo wasn’t born inside the matrix. He was harvested in the machine world and jacked into the matrix right from birth.

So is he really the "One"?

Google search results of Who is the "One" in The Matrix? return "Agent Smith" as answer, but how can he be the One?

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    Its a myth, a legend, designed to give hope to the humans outside the Matrix so that the cycle of destroying and rebuilding Zion will continue. – user25738 Jan 2 '19 at 16:53

He's never named, but since he is an intentional feature of the Matrix introduced by the machines it almost doesn't matter.

The quote is from Morpheus, who along with the rest of the human race has been heavily mislead by all of the machines, especially the Oracle. We have no way of knowing if the person mentioned even existed let alone what his name was.

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The One, as Morpheus mentions, lived way back in the past, was born inside the system, and had the power to change everything else and all that Morpheus described. But he died too.

Neo or Agent Smith is not the one.
The One is unnamed in The Matrix Trilogy.

Now who is Agent Smith?
He is just an agent who is ordered to look out for instability/anomaly in the system. For controlling that, he also has some super power. Then he goes rogue, like a rogue program, and need to be terminated. Neo kills him but his super power enables him to return back.

Who is Neo?
Neo is the sixth incarnation of The one, who died long ago. But as you said,

Morpheus believed that Neo is the one.

But how?
Neo is linked to Agent Smith. So, if anyone can achieve that superpower which allows Smith to run around, it is only Neo.

However, in the sequels, Smith is revealed to have been linked to Neo, which enabled him to resist being sent to the system source where destroyed programs are permanently deleted.

So, is Neo the One?
In a way, yes. He is the only one with access to Smith's power, so he must be brought into the system.

This link and this link provide beautiful explanations and analogies, especially the first one.

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    This seems to contradict itself? "Neo or Agent Smith is not the one." "So, is Neo the One? In a way, yes." It seems like at least one of those statements is partially incorrect. – JMac Oct 9 '19 at 17:32

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