Sometimes sciFi movies don't do a good job of predicting the future. The majority, for example, had CRT-based displays more or less until flat screen displays became common in the real world (Alien, for example, has lots of displays but they are all CRTs).
The current obsession in futuristic movies does seem to be ahead of reality. Much of what I have seen recently has transparent flat screen displays. See this example from the police station in Altered Carbon:
Transparent displays might sometimes be useful but not as the primary means of showing data (heads-up displays in cars or planes are useful if they show small amounts of information that doesn't distract the driver or pilot from where they are going). But this seems to be the new norm. Transparent displays are prevalent in Star Trek Discovery, Black Mirror as well as Altered Carbon. In fact I'm struggling to think of the last modern Scifi I've seen that didn't have them.
I don't know when they first appeared, though Minority Report would be my first guess.
Why the obsession with such a seemingly useless technology? Or, perhaps more usefully, what was the first example of a movie containing a transparent display?