Near the end, Prideaux kills Haydon. Was it just a purely personal, revenge thing? That's the standard answer I've seen on some other forums. Other more complicated answers I've come across are: Smiley instructed him to do it; Prideaux was also a Soviet mole so had to get rid of Haydon.

Other questions that may or may not be related: How is it that Prideaux could just casually stroll to outside Haydon's confinement and shoot him down, just when Haydon happened to be taking a breath of fresh air outside? Why did Prideaux bother using a sniper rifle when he was in fairly close range and with a clear view of his target? Why was Haydon kinda willing to just get shot (he looks at Prideaux for a moment and just stands there to get shot)?

Note: I've watched only the 2011 movie.

  • He's not that close and typically, handguns are only effective up to 100 or so yards in the hands of a skilled shooter, and less than 50 yards for an average shooter. He just wanted to make sure.
    – Paulie_D
    Jun 29, 2017 at 10:42

2 Answers 2


It was a revenge killing founded on a deep personal betrayal

The details of Haydon's death are subtly different in the various adaptations of the Novel (which strongly hints but never explicitly confirms that it was Prideaux's work). But the motivation is clear in all versions.

Prideaux and Haydon were close friends from their university days. They remained close while working for the Circus. There are even hints of a homerotic connection between them (and we know that Haydon was bisexual).

For most of the time during the events in the story we have no idea who the mole is. Significantly, when Control attempts his risky scheme to acquire information from a supposed eastern European mole (details of exactly which country differ in different adaptations), Prideaux tell Haydon before the event despite Control's orders. Whether this makes the trap any worse is unlikely (as it was a Karla plot all along) but it shows that Prideaux has complete trust in Haydon.

When Prideaux is shot and captured, Haydon is instrumental in having him released/rescued. He may have felt particularly guilty that his friend suffered from his betrayal. But this hardly compensates for the fact that his betrayal cost Prideaux injury and torture (and probably death to his network of spies).

So, when the truth of Haydon the mole is revealed, Prideaux is strongly motivated to take revenge.

How was Prideaux able to commit the act? We know that security was lax at the detention centre (Smiley specifically remarks on this in at least one version of the story). The sniper rifle is a tool that Prideaux is familiar and expert with (we certainly know he is good with guns and is a trained spy). And it makes a particularly visual cinematic statement that simplifies the task of the killing (other versions of the story have different means of death but they would require more explanation and time which would work less well in the constraints of a movie). The move hints that Haydon sees Prideaux just before the shooting and further hints that he accepts his fate. Perhaps he sees the act of revenge as justified given his own deep betrayal that deeply hurt his friend.

Whatever the situation, Prideaux's motivation is clear.

  • Nice answer....
    – Paulie_D
    Jun 29, 2017 at 11:04
  • "a particularly visual cinematic statement" esp as the placement of the shot brings a single tear of blood down Haydon's cheek Jan 9, 2023 at 23:16

Why did Prideaux kill Haydon? The narrative from @matt_black is useful. A couple of adds: try to find the BBC 1979 production of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. In that version their meeting inside the prison compound is quite different; it was clearly staged by Prideaux.

As George Smiley lamented, MI6 was a mess; including, inadequate security to guard Haydon! Prideaux stalked Smiley for the a couple of days or hours before the mole was definitively identified and captured. Prideaux understandably knew Smiley's investigation was coming to an end.

Once Haydon was captured, Prideaux found a clever way to message Haydon of a time and place within the compound to meet. No sniper rifle, just a moment of tender acknowledgement and a hard wack to the cervical spine. Haydon's fate completed.

Prideaux was doubly betrayed. Was that enough to explain his actions? Was he party to Haydon's betrayal? It's clear Haydon acts like he expects to retire to the Soviet Union. Were Prideaux's actions something the two had previously agreed to?

It's clear Prideaux was acting independently of Smiley and MI6 interests to trade Haydon. It's clear Haydon betrayed Prideaux and the Circus. My view, Jim Prideaux killed Haydon in an act of passion; personal betrayal and retribution against MI6.

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