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In the show Dexter, we see throughout the series Dexter's adopted father, Harry Morgan, appear to Dexter giving him advice and helping him to stay out of jail.

I've been thinking this is most likely a script ploy to show Dexter's mental state or it's possibly a manifestation of Dexter's subconscious.

What is the reason for Harry Morgan's continued reappearance to Dexter?

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    Think you nailed it right there in the question. – Paulie_D Jun 23 '17 at 16:53
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    From dexter.wikia: "The flashbacks end after Season Two and Harry remains as a part of his subconscious helping him survive and make the right decisions. It is unknown if this could actually be Harry's spirit, as Dexter's mother Laura also appears to him and even his own brother Brian for a short while. Harry always acts indifferent and with a calm understanding, despite Dexter's situation." – Rodrigo Menezes Jun 23 '17 at 17:16
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It's a very common trope, where a deceased person will continue to advise a living person as a memory (i.e. "voice in their head")

Although Harry is dead, he "made" Dexter, and Dexter continues to interpret his lessons in episodes where Harry appears.

  • I get the trope part from myself looking in ... is there deeper meaning knowing Dexter's mental state? – Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 Jun 23 '17 at 20:18
  • @Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 Your instincts are sound--that is precisely the point. This version of Harry is a part of Dexter's mind. In some sense, Harry could be seen as the Freudian super-ego, although I seem to recall departures from that stance. Even if Dexter is recalling a memory of Harry, we know Dexter's memory is not always reliable (memories are subjective, and can often depart from the phenomenal reality they are based on.) – DukeZhou Jun 23 '17 at 20:32
  • @Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2: it's not a matter of mental illness, it's a matter of cinematography. This is the same reason why when Bobby reads a letter written by Cindy, you hear Cindy's voice reading the letter aloud, and not just "Bobby's inner voice". It's done purely for the purpose of the viewer. In reality, Dexter/Bobby would simply be silent. In Dexter's case, he would think of what Harry would say, which is not visible externally. (Note: when Dexter thinks of what Harry said in the past, we usually do get to see a flashback; but not when Harry is responding to current events after his death) – Flater Sep 3 '18 at 9:54
  • @Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 From a technical standpoint, I suspect that it goes deeper than than providing a visual cue--if it was the voice only, less than 100% of viewers would recognize that Harry is the source. I agree with you on the psychological interpretation. – DukeZhou Sep 4 '18 at 19:42
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Dexter that we see as a adult was created by Harry. As a young boy he is thought by his father to control his killing urges. He teaches him to channel his killings so that he doesn't grow up to kill innocent people.

Harry dies. Dexter needs harry to go on because he is who he is because of harry. Without harry he will not exist. So he creates an imaginary version of harry to keep going in life. No one else Dexter can talk to about his "dark passenger" but Harry.

I think if Lumen was able to carry on with Dexter he would not have needed Harry eventually. Same for Hannah.

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To summarize my answer:

  • Harry's perceived physical presence has to do with the visual medium of TV. The alternative (Dexter thinking to himself) is not as interesting to watch, even though it would be more realistic.
  • Notice that when Dexter reminisces about something that (the real) Harry said in the past, that we do get to see a flashback. For things that Harry actually said, Dexter relies on his memory.
  • Everything imaginary Harry says is actually what Dexter thinks Harry would say.
  • Harry intentionally appears to Dexter. This can be subconscious, e.g. at a time where Dexter doesn't want to talk to Harry but his subconscious does so anyway. But Dexter controls Harry's appearance. Harry is not a sentient being and cannot control when he appears, nor what he says.
  • Dexter uses different people (Rudy) if he needs someone to argue a different point (one that Harry would not make).

This delves into some spoilers, though I haven't seen past season... 6 I think (so no spoilers for later seasons).


Harry taught Dexter how to behave. When left to his own devices, Dexter would be an undisciplined mass murderer (this is exactly why Harry teaches Dexter when he's still alive). Harry taught him to control himself and steer his urges.
Harry generally appears at times where Dexter is struggling between what he would do, and what Harry would want him to do. Visually, for the viewer, it's easier to have "ghost Harry" argue his point, rather than Dexter continually think "Harry would say that...", "but I think Harry would disagree", etc.

When Dexter sees Harry, Dexter is thinking like Harry. He labels the thoughts as Harry's, to give that train of thought (which is different from Dexter's personal train of thought) an identity.


In real life, there are people who are capable of having imaginary arguments. I'm one of those people. In such an argument, I always include people I know (because I can estimate their response to a certain topic). To me, in my mind, this looks exactly like how Dexter "sees" Harry.

  • If I'm thinking about e.g. buying something expensive I want, and I am currently erring on the side of making the purchase, then I will have an imaginary argument with my grandfather (who is notoriously frugal).
  • However, if I were erring on the side of saving my money, I will have an imaginary argument with a specific friend (whose general approach to life is "carpe diem").
  • If I am not favoring either option, and I really don't know what to do, I will create an imaginary argument between my grandfather and my friend. (This is a common trope, it's basically the "devil and angel on your shoulder" trope).

Based on my current stance, I engage in an argument with someone who would disagree, but whose opinion I respect. Whenever Dexter sees Harry, Dexter is doing the same.
If I remember correctly, there is a scene where imaginary Harry and imaginary Rudy are discussing something, at a time where Dexter really doesn't know what to do.


Later in the show, Dexter also starts seeing Rudy. And, unsurprisingly, ghost Rudy's opinion on things is what Dexter expects (real) Rudy's opinion would be.

When Dexter met Rudy, he was friendly to Rudy. It took some time for Dexter to realize that Rudy needed to be put down. Before Dexter came to that conclusion, Rudy made sense to Dexter. Dexter disagrees, but understand Rudy's reasoning (and thinks there's some merit to it, even if he ends up disagreeing on the final conclusion).
Dexter understands how Rudy approaches things, well enough that Dexter is able to think like Rudy even after Rudy died.

It's also interesting to see when Rudy started appearing to Dexter. This happened after Dexter started thinking that Harry's way of thinking, while it did serve a purpose for him in the past, is no longer applicable to Dexter's current life situation.
Harry's advice is essentially outdated, and Harry had been appearing less and less to Dexter (and when he appeared, Dexter generally ignored his advice more and more as time went on).

If Dexter doesn't value Harry's input; he may resort to getting feedback from others. This is where Rudy enters the scene. Rudy didn't just appear out of nowhere against Dexter's will, Dexter (subconsciously) invited Rudy into his thoughts.


We later also see another person who does something similar. Travis Marshall sees professor Gellar, in the same way that Dexter sees Harry.

However, there are some key differences here.

  • Dexter is aware that Harry is dead, and that the argument is in his head. Travis, however, imagined Gellar to an unhealthy degree. He may have still known that Gellar is dead, but he also responded to ghost Ghellar as if he was a sentient presence. Travis got upset with Gellar for making him do something he didn't want to do, whereas Dexter always knew that he was the one making the decision in the end. There is even a whole episode subplot dedicated to the fact that Travis tries to sabotage Gellar, which makes no sense if Travis was actively aware that Gellar is imaginary.
  • Harry keeps Dexter on the right path (compared to senseless murdering). Gellar doesn't serve that same purpose to Travis. Travis simply uses Gellar as a way to shift personal responsibility. He sees Gellar as the real evil, and himself as the right hand to Gellar. Harry represents the good part of Dexter, that which keeps the dark passenger in check. Gellar represents Travis' dark passenger.
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Harry's appearance to Dexter is in Dexter's mind, so this is Dexter himself creating a 'persona' to tell himself what is the right thing to do.

Deep inside he knows he's doing something his father would disapprove, so he needs Harry's image to control himself and keep the original plan and rules taught by Harry.

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