What are the "guide lines" to define an actor appearence as a cameo?
Are there some specs to define it? For example, max time on screen, max scene, max lines...
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There really isn't one. The only reason there would be is if SAG had a special "cameo rate", which it doesn't*.
Based on the examples I've seen, they're generally:
All of this correlates nicely to the Wikipedia article:
A cameo role or cameo appearance is a brief appearance or voice part of a known person in a work of the performing arts, typically unnamed or appearing as themselves. These roles are generally small, many of them non-speaking ones, and are commonly either appearances in a work in which they hold some special significance (such as actors from an original movie appearing in its remake), or renowned people making uncredited appearances. Short appearances by celebrities, film directors, politicians, athletes or musicians are common. A crew member of the show or movie playing a minor role can be referred to as a cameo as well, such as Alfred Hitchcock's frequently performed cameos.
I'm personally not a fan of using the term to refer to someone taking a role who is generally unknown to the audience and I think that this use is slowly decreasing. It may be an "in-joke cameo" to the production but it will generally go unnoticed to the audience... so that means one has to wonder why it needs to be called out as such compared to all of the other unknown actors in a film with bit parts. The one exception to this for me would be if the film is based on a true story and one of the people portrayed in the film appears either as them self or as another character (a grandparent, for example).
*SAG does have an "extras" (or "background performers") rate for feature films... and TV shows... but this has more rules than the commonly known "if you don't speak, you're an extra". The actual rule for extras requires that the individual extra not be integral to the plot in some way. So a non-speaking character that interacts with the main characters in a meaningful way would not be considered an "extra".