After watching Schindler's List, I had a look over the poster of the movie. I couldn't understand the meaning behind the poster depicting a person holding the hand of a baby.
What is the meaning of the image on the poster?
I agree with the other persons interpretation that it is Schindler's hand holding / saving the Jews.
But still the movie had one tragic aspect saying "Schindler could not save them all": The whole movie is black and white, but there is one girl with a red coat seen all over the movie in different places. And in one of the last scenes the red coat is seen on a wheelbarrow: the girl is dead...
If you look at the movie poster you might see, that the coat of the child is red as well, I think, that this is a reference to that drama background. But I might be wrong...
If you google for "Schindlers list poster" you see a lot of poster versions, and every version of it has that red part depicting the people who died...
The poster very accurately depicts the events in the film. That baby's hand represents the Jews survivors and that grown man's hand represent Oskar Schindler himself. This is about how he holds the hand(s) of Jews and ultimately saved them.
If you look closely, the poster shows the Schindler's List as well.
Saul Bass was asked to design the poster for this film. Eventually, his version consisting of an image of barb wire spiking paper containing the names of the people Schindler saved, was refused.
The original film poster looks more hopeful than the rejected barb wire one.
From this detailed analysis,
The close-up shot depicting the joining of two hands is very powerful, symbolising unity and alliance as the Jewish people cannot make a difference on their own, and the bond between Schindler and 'his jews' is ultimately triumphant as he manages to save thousands of lives. The fact that it appears to be a child's hand joining with an adults could represent the vulnerability of the Jewish people, in the sense that they are almost portrayed and treated like children unable to defend themselves.
This vulnerability immediately creates a strong sense of sympathy, as us the viewers want to reach out and help them and see the 'weaker people' triumph. In the background a faded list of names is visible as 'schindlers list'. The fact that the poster has been designed to show names and numbers, rather than faces of the Jewish people could represent how they are depicted throughout the film and in the view point of the majority of Germans throughout this film, as just numbers with no significance or importance and not treated as individuals but instead as a mass work force.
The list also emphasises the sheer amount of Jews who have had their human rights stripped and personally the list format makes me feel uncomfortable because of the way it emphasises that so many Jews have been treated this way.
The list finally foreshadows latter events, as we discover later in the film that Schindler compiles a list of 'his Jews', the ones that have worked for him in order to save their lives.
This poster show what didn't happen in the movie. Schindler didn't rescue the girl in red coat (true story) http://www.auschwitz.dk/redgirl.htm But he did rescue the people on his list (also shown in the poster). The idea is that although Schindler helped a lot of people he could not help them all. But as both lists are long (those who died and those who survived) every death is a tragedy on its own and deserves deep thinking about the horror that is idea of killing helpless kids, women and man.
In a book about insurgency in Warsaw Jewish Ghetto "Shielding the Flame", Marek Edelman, one of the last leaders, describes a scene when mother jumped out of the window of a burning tenement (set on fire by SS) holding two kids close to her, and although they died in the same time each one of them died alone.
„Myślę, że jeden spalony chłopak robi większe wrażenie niż czterysta tysięcy, a czterysta tysięcy większe niż sześć milionów.” - I think that one burned boy make bigger impression than four hundred thousand, and four hundred thousands bigger than six millions
"I kiedy już to napięcie i ta radość całkiem z ciebie opadną – wtedy, dopiero wtedy uprzytamniasz sobie, jaka to jest proporcja: jeden do czterystu tysięcy. 1 : 400 000. Po prostu śmieszne. Ale każde życie stanowi dla każdego całe sto procent, więc może ma to jakiś sens." - And when all the tensions and that joy (of surviving the liquidation of ghetto) is gone, then you realise the proportion, one to four hundred thousand, 1: 400 000. That's ridiculous. But each life means 100% to everyone. So maybe that make some sense