Early in Arrival, Louise is originally rejected by the military as the lead translator. She asks the Colonel in charge to pose a question to the other translator about the Sanskrit word for war.
The military return to Louise (presumably the other translator has failed in some way). The colonel tells Louise how the other translator interpreted the Sanskrit word. Louise says that her translation was something like "a desire for more cows". At this point the military accept her terms and tell her to get in the helicopter. She is going to lead the translation.
What was the other translator's answer and why was it significant?