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The beginning of Newt Scamander's story includes him arriving on America's shore by boat. My understanding from the Harry Potter world is that long-distance travel can be accomplished by portkey, regardless of if the travellers has been there before or not. The portkey can also be used by those who still have the Trace on them, and also doesn't require knowledge of powerful travelling spells, such as apparating and disapparating.

A wizard may choose to travel via apparition, even across continents I believe (please correct me if I'm wrong), however Newt still chose to travel via boat. Rather, again, even by Floo. I don't have a full record of the Floo network and if this is also cross-continental, however I would wonder why America is so off-limits to the magical community. At least, I don't think many wizards would find rubbing shoulders with muggles/no-majes very fun, less-so for such a long duration trip. Any extended method of travel, perhaps by hopping to islands of portkeys, traversing their dot-to-dot trip in stages as per the maximum distance travellable.

Is there any reasonable evidence to suggest the Americas are kept distant from the English wizarding community, or perhaps any evidence to suggest that the Floo network doesn't extend to America, or even that Portkeys are insufficient for such long-distance travel?

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    Out-of-universe half-joke answer: Because it's dramatically boring, compared to the gorgeous, The Godfather II-esque shots of early 20th Century immigrant ships. It also instantly helps establish that he is a foreigner (British) in America, so it's a way to introduce the character without words. – Ghoti and Chips Nov 21 '16 at 15:01
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    I'm not 100% sure, but a fair guess would be that it's the best way for the American version of the Ministry of Magic to keep track of magical people who enter the country. Much like Muggle or No-Maj governments, I think it's fair to assume that non-natives enterting and exiting the country is something worth keeping track of, which would be pretty difficult to do if people could enter via the Floo Network or through Portkeys or even just Apparate. – Dr R Dizzle Nov 21 '16 at 15:03
  • @DrRDizzle I think you might have touched upon the point too-- although the introduction to the film is quite romantic, as per ghoti and chips' answer, I remember that Newt is claimed to be an undocumented visitor-- am I remembering this correctly from the new film? – Gray Roberts Nov 21 '16 at 15:07
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    My Fan theory: Apparition, portkeys, brooms and other magical modes of transport would alert the MACUSA (something Newt clearly tried to avoid), so he used a common muggl—er, uh, NoMaj mode of transport to avoid detection. – Ghoti and Chips Nov 21 '16 at 15:16
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    And apparition is the magical equivalent of driving a car, and you can't drive across the Atlantic. The flue is the metro, and Port Keys like special event buses. – cde Nov 21 '16 at 15:20
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I've just come across this explanation in the book "Quidditch Through the Ages" .. page 90:

"Too cumbersome to turn at high speed, the Oakshaft [79] never gained much popularity with those who prized agility over safety, though it will always be remembered as the broom used in the first ever Atlantic broom crossing, by Jocunda Skyes in 1935. (Before that time, wizards preferred to take ships rather than trust broomsticks over such distances. Apparation becomes increasingly unreliable over very long distances, and only highly skilled wizards are wise to attempt it across continents.)" - Quidditch Through the Ages

Looking at this, since Newt went to America in 1920s, it would be safe to assume he did not use other means of transport for this reason.

Similarly, portkeys are unpleasant to travel.. cause nausea and giddiness making it not exactly travel-friendly all the time.

The next reason is that portkeys between continents need to be approved by both the ministries and these are monitored. When Newt is bringing a suitcase full of beasts, I think he would try and maintain a low key with MACUSA (which has quite strict rules and regulations) - HP Wikia

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    WOAH, hold-on there. Is there a source for portkey leading to death? I understand that broom-riding and apparition is not used. Note that even Voldemort does not apparate going from Nurmengard to Hogwarts, but does his dark magic flight. But every wizard from foreign countries use portkeys to come to Britain for the World Cup in GoF, which would indicate that it is NOT dangerous, let alone lethal. – EvSunWoodard Nov 22 '16 at 18:32
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    I read bout this in HP wikia .. about dangers of a portkey.. one point specifically mentioned lethal concequences of a portkey. I also cross checked once before posting this answer.. harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Portkey behind the scenes section.. points about WOMBAT. – Anu7 Nov 22 '16 at 18:54
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    I think you'll find that the HP wikia is mistaken on it's understanding of the WOMBAT. Having read through every test, I have found the reference to which the portkey article is referring. Question 21 on test 3 is: 21. Which of the following commonly held wizarding beliefs is actually true? One of the answers is "Letting go of a Portkey early will result in death", however it is alongside the answer, "it is illegal to perform magic in the presence of a muggle except in life threatening circumstances". The latter is the plot of part of OotP, meaning that the former is, in fact, false. – EvSunWoodard Nov 22 '16 at 19:11
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    It's wonderful to see such a question with an actual canon answer that was written before the fact. (Unlike some other questions.) – Wildcard Nov 23 '16 at 7:10
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    @farukdgn - Yes there is. Voldemort uses it in the seventh book multiple times. Snape also uses it when he escapes the castle. Note the escape from Privet drive. (Paraphrasing) "Voldemort was behind him, flying, not with a broom, but on black smoke." (when they arrive) "Voldemort, he can-" "Fly, yeah. We saw him too". Note that this was after the fifth movie came out. So the visual black smoke magic flight is their take on Apparition, where as the black smoke in the book is dark magic flight. – EvSunWoodard Jul 7 '17 at 15:25
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Thanks to Rand al'Thor, here's a run-down of modes of transport that we know of that could and couldn't work as international modes of transport:

Portkeys - yes.

The answers to this question show that Portkey travel can be international. Copying quotes from my and DVK's answers over there:

  • from various places to the Sahara desert:

"While there have been no proven referee slayings since [1357], there have been several incidences of broom-tampering over the centuries, the most dangerous being the transformation of the referee's broom into a Portkey, so that he or she is whisked away from the match halfway through and turns up months later in the Sahara Desert."

-- Kennilworthy Whisp, Quidditch Through the Ages

  • from France to the Burrow:

Mr. Weasley had therefore gone to meet the Delacours on top of a nearby hill, where they were to arrive by Portkey

-- HP and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 6: The Ghoul In Pyjamas

  • from Godric's Hollow to eastern Europe:

“It was poor little Ariana dying, I think, that did it,” says Bathilda. “It came as an awful shock. Gellert was there in the house when it happened, and he came back to my house all of a dither, told me he wanted to go home the next day. Terribly distressed, you know. So I arranged a Portkey and that was the last I saw of him

HP and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 19, The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore

Apparition - usually no.

The answers to this question show that there is some confusion and contradiction over whether or not Apparition can be international. Firstly, as stated in KeithS's answer, this quote from the books tells us that there is a limit on the distance even a skilled wizard can Apparate:

Harry knew it; his scar was bursting with the pain of it, and he could feel Voldemort flying through the sky from far away, over a dark and stormy sea, and soon he would be close enough to Apparate to them, and Harry could see no way out.

-- HP and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 23: Malfoy Manor

The following quote from Kevin's answer tells us that it is possible but risky to Apparate across continents:

Apparition becomes increasingly unreliable over very long distances, and only highly skilled wizards are wise to attempt it across continents.

-- Quidditch Through the Ages, Chapter 9

And finally, Richard's answer tells us that Apparition between countries is banned.

Floo - unclear.

All the information we have in canon concerns the Floo Network within Britain. This includes the latest articles from Pottermore by JK Rowling. Quoting from the second of these sources:

Floo powder was invented by Ignatia Wildsmith in the thirteenth century. Its manufacture is strictly controlled. The only licensed producer in Britain is Floo-Pow, a company whose Headquarters is in Diagon Alley, and who never answer their front door.

The inclusion of the words "in Britain" would seem to suggest that there are Floo Networks in other countries too, but doesn't tell us whether they're connected.

Why did Newt use a normal, muggl—NoMaj's mode of transport

We know from the movie Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them that Newt didn't want to be detected by the MACUSA, and we know that most magical modes of transport (including apparition and floo transport) can be traced, detected or otherwise tampered with. From this we can infer that Newt used a conventional NoMaj form of transport to decrease the likelihood of alerting the authorities.

An out-of-universe explanation might be that it is a dramatically boring way to introduce us, the audience, to Newt's arrival to America, compared to the gorgeous, The Godfather II-esque imagery of the immigrant ship. It also serves, dramatically, to tell us, the audience, that he is a foreigner in the US, much like we are alien to a magical 1920's America set in the Potterverse, and the movie can achieve this introduction without a single word of exposition to explain it.

Note: A lot of this is speculation until confirmation starts inevitably pouring in from recent interviews with JK Rowling (and the rest of production team).

  • I appreciate your considering my answer useful enough to quote in full, but please do make clear that you are quoting it rather than just referring to it :-) (I just edited in quote formatting to make this clear.) – Rand al'Thor Nov 21 '16 at 23:16
  • Rand I'm surprised to see no mention of your own favourite method, Traveling by weaving the One Power into a Gateway... – MGOwen Nov 22 '16 at 6:02
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    I think I favour this response over the highest-rated answer at the moment - if this answer included Peter Cordes's Twitter exchange and Anu7's Quidditch Through The Ages reference, I think it would cover pretty much every interesting response. Can this be done? – Gray Roberts Nov 22 '16 at 11:50
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    " used a conventional NoMaj form of transport to decrease the likelihood of alerting the authorities" - why did he use a ship to travel back then? – JonathanReez Supports Monica Nov 24 '16 at 13:01
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    @JonathanReez Based on details about the sequel that have since come out, he's going to Paris (probably low-profile again). Since he hadn't made any portkey arrangements to go to USA, it's fair to assume he found it more convenient to head off by ship (since he is gonna be inside his suitcase taking care of his magical animals anyway) than to start looking for contacts and gather the money (we don't know how rich he is or how expensive it might be) to arrange a portkey. Others have speculated portkey travel from EU to US (and vice versa) might be problematic anyway, so there's that, too. – Ghoti and Chips Nov 24 '16 at 21:41
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@ibid on scifi.SE found a JKR quote to support an answer about the max range of portkey travel which exactly answers this question, too:

From this Twitter exchange:

Q: Loved the movie. Burning Q from my wife though: How come Newt travels by boat to cross the Atlantic instead of apparating?

J.K. Rowling: There's a limit to how far you can Apparate. Inter-continental Apparition is very dangerous!

Q: Why couldn't Newt have used a portkey? It can't have been difficult for him to register one since he works at the Ministry.

J.K. Rowling: Consider the effect on the contents of his case...

So yes a portkey could take you that far. But portkey travel's physical effects would be not just uncomfortable, but actually a problem for Newt's case and/or the contents.

I haven't seen the movie, so I don't know why. Either magical creatures are more sensitive, or it's like putting a bag of holding inside a portable hole, if it's a bigger-on-the-inside case.

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So some of this may be slightly incorrect, but these are the reasons from what I understand:

Apparating

Newt couldn't apparate, because he had never been to where he needed to be before. Anyone who apparates in the HP universe goes somewhere that they have been to before, or that they can see directly.

Apparating randomly is very risky, as you can possibly appear inside of a wall or a tree, and as both wizard and static object can't occupy the same space simultaneously, it will cause a rather severe case of deadness. Even more so because it was over long distances, which causes it to be less stable anyway.

Portkeys

Portkeys need to be registered with the authorities, therefore it's very possible that if Newt had attempted to travel across continents he would have had to alert the Ministry of Magic, who would have informed MACUSA, and as Newt was illegally transporting magical creatures into the country, there was a reason he was doing it below the radar.

Whilst he did apply for a permit to travel, I'm assuming he traveled through muggle forms of transport so that he could go through muggle customs, as he may have needed to be subject to a search by wizard customs and they would have found out about the creature he was smuggling.

I doubt he could make his own unregistered portkey as, like with apparition, he would have no clue as to where to travel to.

Floo

I'm assuming that as the Floo Network is referred to as a 'network', this means they need to be connected to one another. I'm not sure if this network can span across continents, but even if they did the user needs to say exactly where they want to go when they travel. So Newt couldn't just say 'America' as he'd have no idea in which fireplace he would end up.

Perhaps he could set up somewhere to travel to, but he would need to trust that person with the reason for his visit, and considering the only person he mentions knowing in New York had his business shut down a year earlier and he didn't know about it, it's very possible that he had no one he could trust to keep his secret.

There could also be a simpler explanation that the magic to create Portkeys and Floo Networks wasn't invented before the 1920s, but I have no idea of the canonicity of that.

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    "I also think that, whilst Voldemort does fly to Grindelwald, he apparates back." Trump: Wrong. See my answer below to find out why. – Ghoti and Chips Nov 21 '16 at 16:35
  • @GhotiandChips edited. – Mike.C.Ford Nov 21 '16 at 16:39
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@Gray Roberts. Look at it this way Gray. Whether its from a No Mag or Muggle and Wizarding World stand point. For muggles in the 1920s the only means of transportation was either by car or boat, since airports were still rare and intercontinental transport by plane was still in the experimental stage. Since the Wright Brothers made their first flight in 1903, and Charles Lindbergh didn't make his first flight over the Atlantic from America to Germany in 1927. And America Airlines didn't start until 1930, with flights from America to Britain, Germany and other countries til the mid 30s. Besides the only means of transport after WWI by flight was by a Zeppelin. Which at that time only the rich could afford to fly or ride in a Zeppelin over the ocean. Which even then was also slow depending on the wind. So as time progress both in Muggle and Wizarding World technology advanced. So maybe possibly the ability to travel from England to America for witches and wizards weren't possible because maybe back then the wizard or witch who would invent the Port Key or Floo Powder didn't exist yet or were still in their infancy and experimental stages for long distance travel. For you cant teleport without splitching from time to time would make it risky or at worst the death of the witch or wizard. And as someone else said it could also be the ability for the America Wizard Ministry to keep track of witches and wizards who come to the country.

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    The 1st part about airlines in irrelevant to the question and the 2nd part is already answered in the accepted answer. Next time please use paragraphs. Wecome to the community – KharoBangdo Dec 26 '16 at 7:12

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