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In Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, we have this exchange:

McCoy: It's a wonder these people ever made it out of the 20th Century.

Kirk: They're still using money. We've got to get some.

And this exchange:

Dr. Gillian Taylor: Don't tell me they don't use money in the 23rd Century.

James T. Kirk: Well, we don't.

Are those the first explicit mentions of the lack of currency in the Federation/future? Was there anything regarding that in TOS, TAS, or movies I-III?

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    Are we talking in filming order, or in universe time line? Cause I'm sure Enterprise mentions it early. – cde Sep 5 '16 at 16:43
  • Production order. – miltonaut Sep 6 '16 at 13:43
  • Maybe this is quibbling, but neither of these answers address the lack of currency. If credits are considered currency, then it's not an explicit mention that they don't use money. – miltonaut Sep 11 '16 at 2:47
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    If those don't count or the one in TNG with the cryogenic ship, then there is no in universe statement. Then it's just word of God commentary from gene or something. – cde Sep 11 '16 at 3:35
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The TOS Episode "The Trouble with Tribbles" explicitly mentions spending "credits" on tribbles. Cyrano Jones is clearly an entrepreneur of sorts, so it's likely that "credits" are actually some form of currency. Perhaps the TOS Federation economy is similar to that of East Germany or the USSR, where basic necessities are provided for free or for nominal costs while luxury goods (which could include tribbles or other exotic pets) are rather expensive.

It's also possible (but less likely) that "credits" are actually some form of currency-like accounting system, perhaps a measurement of the amount of stuff that a crew member is allowed to store in their Starfleet crew quarters.

Later series mention "transporter credits" in the currencyless 24th century Federation (e.g. cadets at Starfleet Academy using them to beam home to visit parents), so it seems that by then the main limiter in terms of wealth is the cost of moving people and stuff around, not the cost of making doodads.

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    Considering the basically free energy available so there is no energy crisis, I think you are misinterpreting the transporter credit. They are cadets in school, they are restricted. Like in any military academy, you need to have leave available or accrued before you can ask off. – cde Sep 5 '16 at 17:33
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Apart from Robert Columbia's TOS reference there were a few mentions of "credits" in the second and third movies according to this Wikipedia article:

In other episodes, especially earlier in the in-universe timespan, a monetary unit known as the "credit" is mentioned. At the Federation space station K-7 in the original series episode "The Trouble with Tribbles", set in 2267, Uhura is offered a Tribble for 10 credits. In Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, in 2285, while on Earth, McCoy attempts to hire a ship to take him to the Genesis Planet, is warned it would be expensive, and haggles over payment; we do not know if McCoy could have afforded this or how much it would cost, since he was taken into custody for breaching the secrecy of the Genesis Project immediately afterwards. And in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, Carol Marcus mentions the Federation's decision whether or not to "fund" the Genesis Project itself, though "fund" means something different in this context as credits are not mentioned. In the Deep Space Nine episode "You Are Cordially Invited...", Jake Sisko tells Quark he sold his first book, but when Quark asks him how much he earned, Jake answers, "It's just a figure of speech." This explains moments when characters have made similar comments (in Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, for instance, Scotty mentioned having "bought" a boat, and during the film Star Trek Generations, Captain Kirk states that he "sold" his house).

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From "Arena" Production # 19, aired 19 Jan. 1967:

KIRK: A large deposit of diamonds on the surface. Perhaps the hardest substance known in the universe. Beautifully crystallized and pointed, but too small to be useful as a weapon. An incredible fortune in stones yet I would trade them all for a hand phaser, or a good solid club. Yet the Metrons said there would be weapons, if I could find them. Where? What kind?

"Mudd's Women" production # 4, aired 13 October 1966:

COMPUTER: Offense record. Smuggling. Sentence suspended. Transport of stolen goods. Purchase of space vessel with counterfeit currency. Sentences, psychiatric treatment, effectiveness disputed.

And:

MUDD: Oh, you beautiful galaxy! Oh, that heavenly universe! Well, girls, lithium miners. Don't you understand? Lonely, isolated, overworked, rich lithium miners! Girls, do you still want husbands, hmm? Evie, you won't be satisfied with a mere ship's captain. I'll get you a man who can buy you a whole planet. Maggie, you're going to be a countess. Ruth, I'll make you a duchess. And I, I'll be running this starship. Captain James Kirk, the next orders you're taking will be given by Harcourt Fenton Mudd!

In "The Menagerie, Part 1", production # 16, aired 17 November 1966:

PIKE: To the point of considering resigning. BOYCE: And do what? PIKE: Well, for one thing, go home. Nice little town with fifty miles of park land around it. Remember I told you I had two horses, and we used to take some food and ride out all day. BOYCE: Ah, that sounds exciting. Ride out with a picnic lunch every day. PIKE: I said that's one place I might go. I might go into business on Regulus or on the Orion colony. BOYCE: You, an Orion trader, dealing in green animal women, slaves?

Of course that scene was not actually filmed for "The Menagerie, Part 1". It was a scene from "The Cage" the first pilot film, reused in "The Menagerie, Part 1". So although it was seen somewhat later than the one in "Mudd's omen" it was filmed in the earliest Star Trekproduction of all.

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