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Songs written for movies by well-known artists are quite common, with examples such as Hozier for Tarzan, Ellie Goulding for 50 Shades of Grey and Pink for Charlie's Angels, sometimes going as far as to reference the film within the song. These songs are then often released by the artist as a single, or part of an album.

I would assume this means that the rights to the song are kept by the original artist or writer, allowing them to make money from the song in their own right, and the property is leased by the movie production to be included within the movie.

My question is: how does this process usually work?

Would movie producers approach an artist who makes a particular style or genre of music that they are trying to include in the movie, and ask the artist to write a song to fit that, or would they approach a number of artists and ask for songs, then decide the best choice?

Would they be asked close to the beginning of production during the creative process in order to let the song influence the movie, or is it closer to the end of production and the song is then written to a specification to fit the feel of the movie?

Particularly considering that the songs are usually later released by the artist (or sometimes before the release of the movie), the song itself needs to be of a good quality and follow the structure of an actual song. Do the movie productions simply ask for a melody or hook that they can sample for the movie's score, which the artist then builds into a full song, or is the song written and the movie chooses the best parts from it?


Note: I'm specifically asking about songs that are used within the movie itself as opposed to during the credits, such as the majority of James Bond themes. Also, not songs that already exist and are included in a film years later, just songs that are created specifically for the purpose of being included in a movie.

Also, if any of my assumptions are incorrect, I would be happy to change them, or if any of the sub-questions aren't answerable because there is no definitive answer I will remove them.

  • Kenny Loggins for Top Gun; Huey Lewis for Back to the Future. Those are my favorite. – Skooba Jul 21 '16 at 12:21
  • There are people and departments who handle that (check the credits), and in some cases there's a relationship between people involved in the movie (even actors) and musicians. This is IMHO far too broad a question, and any generic answer will only lead to numerous anecdotes of other cases. – BCdotWEB Jul 21 '16 at 15:19
  • When you say "songs used in the movie" do you mean songs performed in the film (as if they are live)? There's not really any difference between music performed during the credits and music performed as part of a sound track. – Catija Jul 21 '16 at 17:00
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If you look at P!ink song you will see that this is regular song making process. It wasn't song made for movie.

The difference is that instead of making decision at the production stage that the score will be written by particular artist (Like Zimmer/Huey Lewis) director or producer or studio exec say "You know what would be good? If we use this song in this place or this song to promote whole movie." For example when the Exec is from the same company that own companies that is involved in making a movie and producing music. Then he say "we have this new artist here, it would be nice if they did the song we will write to promote this movie".

Music per se is rarely pre-made for movie. By this I mean that original score don't exist until some pre-cut of movie is made. Then the chosen composer, musical supervisor or director sit down, watch movie and think about music.
Sometimes director/screenwriter have certain song attributed to certain scenes in movie (like Tarantino does or when in BTTF Johnny B. Good) but this not something you are interested in.

So - people who can say something about music chosen for movie choose from very large library of music nothing and decide that some score need to be done specifically for this movie. Sometimes they decide that such song exist but must be remade to better suit the movie (See Trent Reznor Immigrant Song cover). And they have VERY large knowledge of music and artists (there are schools specifically for those) and they propose that for example King of MetalRock should make some songs.
With large corporations, like Sony, it's just easier, cheaper and faster to write songs, give them to perform by one of the top 10 artist they have contract with and just earn more money on the whole marketing machine. After all it's two horses pulling one cart.

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