I can't say what year or decade specifically, but it's very much supposed to be modern day (90s). There are multiple things of modern technology, mainly the truck that runs over Lilo and the electric guitar and amp, the description of cities that Stitch would want to destroy, etc.
The reason everything looks old is that the movie revolves around poor Orphans, living on one of the smaller islands of Hawaii, which tend to be poorer and have terrible cell service. The cost of living in Hawaii, a remote island chain, results in a higher level of poverty, and forces the community to restore and reuse vehicles and appliances longer. Importing new late model cars or technology is prohibitively expensive. Add that Lilo and Nani are natives and not foreigners (i.e. white), they have even less money. This is the whole issue with Lilo documenting tourist, essentially rich white people, or Nani problem at the fakey luao.
So the antique look is a stab at realism to actual Hawaiian life. See the recent movie Aloha for a real life example.
The lack of any cell phones would be more typical of the early to mid nineties in poor communities, prior to the proliferation of cheap smart phones and two decades of network improvements.
Personal evidence, having worked as a network analyzer for a major cell company, I've seen first hand the coverage and quality maps for the islands. Maybe two towers, with mountain issues, water based issues where the phone may pick up a tower on the next island, etc. 2012 service still sucks out there, but the numbers would be greater.