In the "Jordan Valley" episodes of House of Cards, the characters routinely refer to "Palestine" as if it were an actual country. I have never seen real American politicians do that. Is the in-show universe different than our own, one in which Palestine became a recognized country?
To answer properly we need to understand something about this episode. Claire Underwood's main target in the Jordan Valley was to provide military assistance for which they need palestine support. But why treat them as state? For two reasons:
- It's an effective way to gain support in the United Nations (according to the plot) to counterpower Russia's power, who oppose to this action. This is because Petrov thought that the American troops in the region would be very close to Caucasus, a region where Russia needs to keep strong.
- In real life, George W. Bush Jr. and Barack Obama had/have good relations with the State of Palestine; even Bush referred Mahmoud Abbas (president of the State of Palestine) in official communications as "President" instead of "Chairman", as was done with Arafat; Chairman was limited to an organization while the treat of President is recognizing a nation, but not a state.