I want to know which parts and concepts in the movie Naked Lunch are based on the book and which parts are added by Cronenberg.
- killing the wife twice by gun
- kiki's character and his death
- those creatures
(I have not read the book.)
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The movie Naked Lunch is not only an adaption of the book (which is already considered highly autobiographical), but also about what drove Burroughs to write it in the first place.
As such, it mixes the story of the book with facts from Burroughs' biography. Even more so than in the book, the William Lee of the movie is an alter ego of Burroughs himself.
Some important facts to make this clear:
I personally favor the interpretation that the pages that the William Lee of the movie writes on his typewriter are the pages of the real-world book Naked Lunch. Just as Burroughs was lost in a state of drug-induced hallucination, paranoia and guilt when writing the book, so is the William Lee of the movie.
Rather than attempting a straight adaptation, Cronenberg took a few elements from the book and combined them with elements of Burroughs' life, creating a hybrid film about the writing of the book rather than the book itself. (Source: Wikipedia)
Disclaimer: It's been a while since I watched the movie and I only managed to read the book in excerpts due to its unique writing style. So apologies if this answer gets some of the finer details wrong.