Michael Keaton's Birdman had great reviews and opened in 4 theaters to a record per screen. The following week 50 screens, then 250 (according to mojo)

It cost $22m and as of early Nov has earned $5m. (according to imdb)

So why did they not just release it like a normal movie and make $10-20m on its opening weekend like so many less well received movies do? What's going on with the slow release so when the reviews come out, it can't be seen?

2 Answers 2


Simple: it's most likely a marketing strategy.

The two tactics employed are called either limited release, or platform release.

Limited release is when a movie is released to a limited number of theaters in an effort to gauge the appeal a film may have to a wider audience.

Platform release is when they release a film to see what kind of word of mouth it generates as well as marketing buzz, in addition to its per-theater gross. The movie earns good buzz with audiences and has a high per-theater gross? They'll look to gradually expand the number of theaters it's in. This tactic requires careful planning, though, as pushing the movie to too many theaters too soon could lower the per-theater gross of the film, which makes it appear weaker.

While I can't say for certain which of the two Birdman may be employing, the idea is that it's more of an artsy independent film, which usually don't see audiences rushing out to theaters to see. As such, they release the film in a limited format to gauge the interest of moviegoers before gradually opening it up to more and more theaters, and thus a wider audience.

Given its relatively well reviewed status, generally positive buzz, and decent per-theater gross, I'd expect the number of theaters it's available in to expand.

  • 1
    November and December are generally the months for Oscar season, as the rules state a movie must be released in Los Angeles County between midnight at the start of 1 January to midnight at the end of 31 December of a calendar year to be considered for the Oscars that year, so everyone's trying to get their big Oscar bait movies out by year's end.
    – MattD
    Nov 5, 2014 at 18:30
  • Reading the information on this film after this question, I kept finding myself thinking that there is no way this could go into unlimited dist, it would tank. It's too...odd, artsy, different, what have you. But then pretty much every review (incl crushed tomahtos :) raves, so, eh. Now I want to see it.
    – CGCampbell
    Nov 5, 2014 at 19:04
  • @CGCampbell: I really enjoyed Birdman -- which, judging by past experience, suggests the masses will despise it. Definitely an arthouse film.
    – Shiz Z.
    Nov 5, 2014 at 22:59
  • @MattD that was my point. They're generating buzz during Oscar season. It's a marketing ploy to have it open in limited release.
    – Ben Plont
    Nov 6, 2014 at 19:12

While it's scored highly among critics and fans alike, it's still an indie film. Indie films just don't have the distribution channels that major studios have.

If the film continues to do well and maintain favorable press, it will probably get re-released to theaters like the movie "Chef" did (most likely after an infusion of capital from firms who know there's a market for it based on reviews).

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