In some movies, such as Equalizer 2, for example, there are scenes that take place in storms or hurricanes. How do they create such scenes? It would seem to be difficult to fake whole streets being blown by 60-mile-an-hour winds.
Creating this type of movie is challenging because in not making it look extremely cheesy the director is forced to use as many practical effects as possible. Of course, there is also the aspect of making the weather look good, to give the viewer this feeling of monumentality where real tornados and other extreme weather conditions are hard to capture from up close or hard to make look good on camera. For the inside of a tornado or up-close shots CGI is mostly used. For shots from the distance both real or CGI versions of the tornado are used.
There are clips about making this kind of movie.
Making of Twister from 1996
Ocean storm sequence from a TV commercial