I'm wondering if these shots have a name: shots where the character(s) is sitting or otherwise still and takes up only a small part of the screen, which is also still, i.e. the rest is pretty much a wall or some other clean object? Below is an example from Mr. Robot:
It's an example of 'negative space'.
Mr Robot plays with this a lot, very effectively. It also uses a lot of lower quadrant framing & even adds to the negative space by removing the leading room in shots.
Negative space, in short, is the space in a frame which 'is not the subject'. The subject is the positive space.
Leading room is where, if a character is to the left of frame, traditionally they would be facing to the right, inwards across frame. This is sometimes called nose room. It gives the character a sense of belonging to the frame.
Mr Robot often does the opposite, places a character towards the edge of frame & has them facing out of it. This gives a sense of separation, loneliness, disconnect from the rest of the scene.
When done with a conversation, it increases the separation between the characters.
Lower quadrant framing increases this sense of separation still further, making the characters feel slightly 'lost' in the frame.
Even facing into frame, there's a sense of 'overwhelming'.
The shot in the question is an example which seems to give the characters the sense of 'lonely together'. Both shrunk into the frame's lower edge, smaller & less significant than the painting behind, taking up little of the overall picture… yet facing each other.
Images from Bold Entrance: How ‘Mr. Robot’ uses lower quadrant framing to create a feeling of oppression and isolation - check out for additional information.
Edit: I was sure something similar had cropped up before - this, though is initially referring only to the lead room - Meaning of a movie shot type with too little of a leadroom