No. It does not.
Near the end of the film, Anakin Skywalker's voice tells Rey:
"Rey... Bring back the balance, Rey, as I did... The Force surrounds you, Rey... Let it lift you."
So this implies that Anakin did bring balance, destroy The Sith, but it just didn't last. For all intended purposes, he is still The Chosen One (just not necessarily the only one who will ever have to try and bring balance to the Force).
The Jedi prophecy foretold the destruction of the Sith, but it never
predicted the end of darkness. Although Anakin Skywalker brought
the Force back into balance, the Jedi Order was decimated by his
actions as Darth Vader, leaving Luke Skywalker as the last of the
Jedi. Despite the fall of the Sith and the restoration of balance
in the Force, the dark side endured as remnants of the former
Galactic Empire reorganized into the First Order under Supreme Leader
One year after the Battle of Crait, through unknown reasons associated
with his mastery over the dark side, Darth Sidious resurfaced alive on
the ancient Sith world of Exegol, approaching Kylo Ren to serve him by
bringing to him the Jakku scavenger known as Rey, a Force prodigy who
was Sidious' granddaughter and who had been recently apprenticed by
Luke Skywalker before his death on Crait, in order to bring back the
Sith and restore his tyrannical rule over the galaxy, essentially
planning to undo the effects the Chosen One prophecy brought about
with Anakin's sacrifice. However, Ben Solo ultimately redeemed himself
after a duel with Rey and the latter went to face Sidious and the Sith
Eternal, his loyalists. A final battle of the Resistance against
Sidious' forces followed shortly afterwards, during which Rey received
the help from all the great Jedi of the past to destroy Sidious once
and for all and exterminate the Sith for good. Among them, was Anakin
Skywalker's spirit, who asked her to use part of his power to bring
balance to the Force like he once did as the Chosen One.
If The Force is similar to something like Dharma, then it has breakdowns (unbalance) and then has to work to "course-correct" to revive said balance (times of peace). But then balance is not a constant.
Continuing on in the Skywalker Saga timeline with future 'Skywalkers' was always going to be a bit of a risk, as like the title of the franchise suggests, Star Wars relies on there being large-scale conflict that needs to be resolved (or at least resolved in storytelling terms), but expanding on it in any way would mean new conflicts would have to arise for there to even be a story.
That's not to say that there haven't been lots of viewpoints in both the current canon or the former EU about what the Force is "exactly", how it works, what it wills, and/or how the use of it (methodology) should or shouldn't be applied to a philosophy.
Argumentatively, the sequel trilogy goes out of its way to remind the audience of the prequel-era Jedi failures and how the Jedi philosophy needed to evolve, which Rey (and Finn) might begin to do...
There is even a multi-book & comic series coming out titled Project Luminous.The following is its logline:
The Force is what gives a Jedi his power. It's an energy field
created by all living things. Until... Project Luminous.
This suggests that (at some time, at some point) something or someone was able to take control over the Force! (The Whills?) So whatever we think we know about it, is still in the process of discovery!