TV shows don't really film episode by episode, other than for such as a pilot, which will probably have been made months ahead of the main series.
They film in blocks, where one Director, 1st AD etc will be given control over 2, 3 or 4 episodes and they will film them interspersed, depending on actor availability and location requirements.
So... they go to the required location, taking the required principals, the whole crew and all their gear, and over a day or a week, they will shoot everything needed for that location for the entire block. This applies equally to whether the location is out in the countryside, or simply 'Studio 4' rather than 'Studio 1'.
A show with a lot of episodes per year and a short lead time will operate a 'rolling' style of production, where at any given time some episodes are being written, shot, edited like a production line.
Eastenders famously broadcasts 4 shows, 2 hours a week [more over Xmas/New Year] and is shot continuously over 50 weeks of every year.
Even with that type of schedule, it is still actually handled in blocks, with one director/1st/script supervisor etc for each block.
Anecdotally, they usually only shoot Monday to Friday for the regular schedule, with occasional Saturdays as 'pick-ups' for scenes they didn't get time to shoot, or they need to change in some way.
On those days, consecutive scenes can involve a complete change of Director/1st/scripts; though the other crew will be on set for the entire day. Depending on availability, often the cast will have to wait around for their next scene, because the director's time on a show such as that is more important than that of the principal characters ;)
For any show, completion dates will be subject to a similar set of rules as shoot dates. Once a block has completed principal photography, the director, editor, CGI team then do the same job again, on all that block. [I'm oversimplifying] but to think that shows are done in any kind of linear fashion is to misunderstand one of the fundamentals of the industry.
tbh, I don't know the specifics of Firefly - I work in the UK not the US anyway, but shoot schedules are the same the world over - dependant on budget, lead time, cast availability, location availability etc
Take something like Mr Selfridge, with big, complex sets...
All the floors of the Selfridge store were the exact same set, but re-dressed each time to look like different floors. So.. they had to shoot every scene on each floor before they re-dressed the set to be a different floor of the store.
That meant they were shooting parts of every episode for the entire season in one month... then they'd go off to do some location work for a couple of weeks whilst the set was re-dressed for another floor. Rinse and repeat until they'd got every scene for every floor.
That's economics in action.