Kollywood is the Indian film industry based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, dedicated to the production of feature films in the Tamil language.

It is based in Chennai's Kodambakkam area, where several South Indian film production companies are headquartered. With reference to this, the industry is also colloquially referred to as Kollywood, a portmanteau of Kodambakkam and Hollywood.

Tamil cinema is India's third largest film industry in terms of films produced, as per the CBFC report of 2011, with high revenues and worldwide distribution, having audiences mainly including people from the four southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka, placing the industry among the largest in the world.

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