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43

It's not actually glass... Originally, they used a product called "Sugar glass" or "candy glass". Sugar glass (also called candy glass, edible glass, and breakaway glass) is a brittle transparent form of sugar used to simulate glass in movies, photographs and plays. It is much less likely to cause injuries than real glass, and it easily breaks ...


31

A movie production can do another take if it doesn't look good. Typically, a quality TV series or movie spends $100,000s per finished minute in post production cleaning up green screen shots. The commentary in the updated Battlestar Galactica mentioned how one can tell there was money left over on an episode when there is more than a few seconds of the ...


28

Lola VFX worked on the body transformation of Chris Evans. From the article How to make a Captain America wimp Lola had three primary approaches to shrinking the 220 pound Evans to the 140 pound guy he needed to be, while maintaining Evans’ performance as closely as possible. Body double / actor doubling for the entire body. The body double was ...


25

Practical Effects are used some of the time. It's cheaper and easier to hide the body and use a fake double, than it is to use CGI or anything else. From Iron Man: Notice the false bottom of the chair, and RDJ's body hidden away. You can see in this pic They first created a prosthetic chest over his real chest and ...


24

Another common technique is to use a "process trailer", aka an insert trailer or low loader. It is used as a moving camera platform and is towed by a special truck-like vehicle that may contain cameras, booms and or lights. The process trailers are generally very low to the ground to give a realistic perspective of height. They can expand in width to allow ...


21

The technique you are talking about with stationary car on set is called Chroma key compositing or chroma keying: is a special effects / post-production technique for compositing (layering) two images or video streams together, used heavily in many fields to remove a background from the subject of a photo or video - particularly the newscasting, motion ...


20

The horse-off-the-cliff scene was created with the help of Industrial Light & Magic per this interview with the film's visual effects supervisor. This clip (which I believe was aired during Academy Awards) shows a brief glimpse of how the scene was put together. Essentially, a stunt man rode a motorized mock-up horse over an embankment and jumped off, ...


19

It's called Dolly Zoom (but there are a couple of alternate names for it) From MediaCollege: A dolly zoom is a cinematic technique in which the camera moves closer or further from the subject while simultaneously adjusting the zoom angle to keep the subject the same size in the frame. The effect is that the subject appears stationary while the ...


18

Can't recall the particular shot, but the effect is commonly created using multiple composite layers Typically there will be three layers the person walking in real time, the person in slow time, the background Each is filmed separately as individual layers. For the "people" layers only the people (and I guess the punchbag in this case) are used - the ...


18

CGI was actually fairly common practice by the 1990s, a watershed period for digital visual effects. Most prominently rendered in wireframe in the 1970s (Star Wars IV, 1977; Superman, 1978), by the mid-80s various scifi and fantasy films employed photoreal mapping effects (Flight of the Navigator, 1986) and were making strides in live action/digital ...


15

The primary technique used for flying stunts are wire harnesses and then wire removal. The actors wear a harness which is connected to wires that suspend the actor in mid-air. If the scene is filmed in front of a green screen (chroma keying), then the wires can be removed automatically in most cases, before the background is added. If no chroma keying is ...


15

An article in the New York Times gives quite a few details from creator Vince Gilligan. In short: No, they didn't move a big electromagnet around. The real one weighed 3.5 tons, so they made a foam model. The jumping objects were attached to cables pulled by crew members. The cables were then digitally erased. It's also doubtful that such a scheme ...


13

The CG was done by a company called Animal Logic. They used LEGO Digital Designer, a free computer program which allows users to build models using virtual LEGO bricks, in a computer-aided design (CAD) like manner. This allowed them to get high precession models and also the required bricks per model. The created LEGO Digital Designer (LDD) files were then ...


12

The film won the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects largely because that tiger looked so real. Special effects supervisor Bill Westenhofer wrote in an interview for Digital Trends “We used [real tigers] for single shots, where it was just the tiger in the frame, and they’re doing something that didn’t have to be all that specific in the action that ...


11

I'd stick with what System Down wrote in the comments: different directors. I have at least two reasons for that. First, there is no mention of the difference in the books. He always appears in the flame. Here is what it says in the "Goblet of Fire": The room was in semidarkness; the flames were the only source of light. Nearby, on a table, the Support ...


11

The particular shot you are asking about was done with models. Although Top Gun had the full cooperation of the U.S. Navy, and many of the shots you see in the movie were authentic, they wouldn't allow a stunt that dangerous for the purposes of a film. Any stunt that required damage, destruction, or a near crash of a plane was done using a variety of ...


11

According to this interview with Smith they used prosthetics that pulled back his ears and changed his hairline: But besides taking dialect training Smith also had to undergo a physical transformation to help him look more like Nigerian doctor Dr. Bennet Omalu. “I had a prosthetic that was glued to pull my ears back and that changes the shape of my ...


10

At first I thought it might have been a breakaway model, used by the likes of Orsen Welles to make a camera appear to pass through a neon sign or window in Citizen Kane, but then I watched the clip and realized this could not be the case. I have had some experience with motion control cameras, and this certainly seems to have been produced using a track ...


10

Chroma key is the effect used to replace a single color with video from another source. Commonly called "green screen", other colors, originally blue, and now orange or magenta can also be used, depending on the subject and effect desired. Wikipedia has a fairly detailed description.


10

According to Den Of Geek - Top SFX shots: The nails are rotoscoped to provide an area for an animated colour transition to take place, and that's all there is to it. Rotoscoping refers to the technique of manually creating a matte for an element on a live-action plate so it may be composited over another background Some other examples of ...


9

In similar fashion, we have no explanation of the motive of the Kirsten Dunst's character to crash her own wedding too. And we have seen the slow-motioned flying objects in the prolongue already so I do not think Lars von Trier tried to save up financially. I think he tried to focus more on the emotional effect. The sight of the protagonists being swallowed ...


9

First of all, you cannot really expect the remake to capture the cult factor of the original. In 2012 you can't expect this movie to be the hilarious "Verhoeveny" 80s/90s Arnie vehicle that the original is. A large factor to Total Recall's attraction nowadays comes not only from being a gripping science-fiction action movie with an interesting story about ...


9

Depending on needs, generally they are made from acrylic, glass, Latex or silicone. Acrylic and glass can give the glossy look to the prop eye, but latex and silicone can give it a spongy texture. Of the Swedish film Thriller, lead actress Christina Lindberg said in an interview Director Bo Arne Vibenius used an actual human cadaver for the eye "surgery" ...


9

Extensive CGI isn't necessary. For the arms, it's simple enough to have them wear green/blue socks. Here is a picture of Lt. Dan from Forrest Gump: Basically, they shoot this scene twice, once with the actor and another with them missing. A computer looks for blue (green is used more often I think) pixels, and replaces those with the corresponding pixels ...


9

There was a brief behind-the-scenes snippet from that scene during the Academy Awards, when they were announcing the nominees for Best Visual Effects. It appears that a fake horse and a blue screen were used. There's a copy of the ceremony on YouTube, but the video quality is very poor. The snippet begins at 43m18s.


8

There's a bunch of ways to do this. Most likely: They took 130 takes to get it right Less likely: There's an invisible turn table under the gun They used an electromagnet to stop the gun The gun is on a clear plastic stick and someone out of sight is turning it


8

I think your presumption that the film portrays realistic sci-fi may be misplaced. The extensive use of symbolism and prologue scenes suggest that it is allegorical. While I usually agree that having authentic situations or plausible science is important, in this film I found it easy to dismiss with that expectation. There is an analysis of the Justine ...


8

One of the DVDs from the series has an excellent special feature showing the process used. It was often a combination of Green Screen/CGI and staged actors and props. So to answer the question it is a fusion of both. The example shown on the DVD is a scene in the street where he's moving through a crowded shopping district and rescuing a child from an ...


8

I couldn't tell you the exact technique they would have used, but I assume they just had an effect artist colour it in post-production. For the record, CGI was being used in film to varying degrees all throughout the 1980s, though they have said that one of the only CG shots in Total Recall was for the x-ray scanner scene.



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