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What are the major factors that lead to different release dates worldwide for a movie? Eg: Quentin Tarantino's Django Unchained releases on 25th Dec, 2012 in the US, on 18th Jan, 2013 in UK and as late as 10th April, 2013 in Phillipines.

I am basically interested in Hollywood movies, but references to other foreign films too would be appreciated.

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One explanation for non-english speaking countries is that the movie has to be dubbed or sub-titled. –  Oliver_C Jan 11 '13 at 10:36
    
But what about the 3 week delay between release in the US and UK(in the example I have cited in my question). Moreover, being from Asia myself I can vouch for that not all movies are sub-titled. As a matter of fact, Chris Nolan's movie release in the same week worldwide even though they are sub-titled. –  KeyBrd Basher Jan 11 '13 at 10:52
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See also movies.stackexchange.com/q/2675/49. –  Napoleon Wilson Jan 11 '13 at 10:57
    
@ChristianRau: Yup that could have been be a related question. But didn't add it since the answer involved a pretty unique scenario, i.e. Euro 2012. –  KeyBrd Basher Jan 11 '13 at 10:59
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Reading up on the topic, I found that many studios delay the release of movies outside US & UK in Dec, Jan so that they can release their movies after the Golden Globes and Academy Awards and ride their success. –  KeyBrd Basher Jan 15 '13 at 6:18
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2 Answers 2

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Andrew Cripps (former president of Paramount Pictures International and United Internationl Pictures) wrote an Overview of International Film Markets and Theatrical Distribution:

Studios split the International market into three main areas:

  • Europe
  • Far East (including Australasia)
  • Latin America

The Distribution Process:

Distributors will consider their strategies from (at least) four perspectives:

  • Global: where will the film work?
  • Regional: how will we make it work in (say) Europe?
  • National: how should we release it in each country?
  • Local: are there any particular local conditions that need to be taken into account within each country?


... the distributor will prepare a Territory Contribution Report identifying the revenue estimates for each market.

The views of senior studio bosses and regional and local managers will also be sought, with screenings held as early as possible to help build up a picture of the film's estimated International performance.


Campaigns for each title are planned well in advance, taking into account such factors as:

  • US release dates
  • Competitors' release schedules (information is generally shared between the majors to avoid clashes wherever possible)
  • The distributors' annual budget and the rest of their slate for the year seasonal positioning (to take account of holiday periods, relevant awards ceremonies, other local factors)

The strategy and timing of the release will also take into account:

  • censorship issues – when and how must the film be submitted for classification?
  • translation for sub–titling and dubbing
  • publicity screenings
  • availability of key talent for promotional purposes
  • availability of key media in each territory
  • any promotional tie–ins and when the partners will be spending their money
  • any additional local factors

Day and Date Distribution:

With the various exploitation windows closing, there is an increasing trend towards films being released internationally on the same day as (or close to) their North American release.

This has the advantages of

  • reducing the opportunities for piracy
  • enabling marketing campaigns from the US to roll over into other territories
  • and allowing earlier exploitation of other windows.


On the other hand, day and date releasing requires new prints and means that marketing spend must be committed internationally before the studio knows how the film has played in the US.

It also reduces the time that the distributors have for sorting out dubbing, classification and other issues in each territory and makes it less likely that the talent will be available to promote it in as many markets.


All in all there is a lot to consider when distributing a movie internationally.

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The reason for difference release date in different countries is because of following reasons -

  1. Time it takes to prepare subtitles, dubs, to get the film through foreign ratings boards (and possibly re-cut based on that), to coordinate foreign marketing, and possibly to work around local movie schedules .For example in India movies only release on Friday but it differs from Us where movie can also release on other days too.

  2. Then there's foreign distribution negotiations, which is an extremely complicated business. Sometimes movies have that locked down before they even shoot (because they're relying on that money); larger films may wait to prove themselves in domestic markets in order to get better deals overseas.

  3. Finally, there's the physical difficulties in striking new prints (costly) or waiting for the old prints to finish up at home (takes a while) and then shipping them to the foreign markets. Print costs are is quite high and most movies can't afford to buy one for every theater in the world at the same time. Digital distribution should alleviate this problem somewhat in the next few decades.

All of these problems can be overcome--the largest of the blockbusters will sometimes have a simultaneous world-wide release date (which discourages piracy and allows you to take advantage of a single global marketing campaign), but I assume the vast majority of films don't have the money to take care of all of the issues before their release date.(source)

In the caes of The Amazing Spider-Man Release dates outside the US were moved up to June in other countries to increase first-week sales.

Some other reasons also explained in similar question here 1,2.

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I suggest you edit that answer to suit the QA format of the site. Right now its just a blob of information with some expletives thrown around. –  KeyBrd Basher Jan 11 '13 at 10:54
    
@KeyBrdBasher tried to fix it a bit. –  Ankit Sharma Jan 11 '13 at 11:02
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