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There is Censor Board for films produced in India. It assigns certifications to films, television shows, television ads, and publications for exhibition, sale or hire in India. Films can be publicly exhibited in India only after they are certified by the Board.

  • Do USA or some large film industries have these types of censorship board, specially for Hollywood movies?
  • What are their acceptance criteria?
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The only one I know of is the MPAA that assigns ratings to movies depending on the age group that should be viewing the movie. Other than that, there is no other certification needed. –  TylerShads Dec 21 '12 at 16:12
    
check MPAA and Wikipedia –  Mistu4u Dec 21 '12 at 16:13

2 Answers 2

up vote 7 down vote accepted

In the United States, there isn't a strict analogue for your Censor Board. Here, the First Amendment to the US Constitution provides protection to film makers, ensuring the government won't censor their work. However, the law doesn't prevent voluntary censorship, which is where the MPAA comes in. They're a trade group of movie studios who created a ratings system. Films can voluntarily be submitted to be rated by them.

Movie theaters in the US then do some enforcement of policies based on these ratings. For example, usually children under 17 are not allowed into rated R films unless accompanied by an adult. In addition, theaters will sometimes not screen any films that lack a rating. Theaters will also often refuse to screen NC-17 films, which ends up acting as a sort of censorship, as when a film is being made in part to make a profit, not being able to distribute it to thousands of theaters nationwide due to an NC-17 rating means the contents of the film will be self-censored down to rated R-levels of content.

Usually in the making of a film, a specific rating will be targeted for marketing reasons. So a film that the studio wants to have broad appeal will have its content crafted to ensure a PG-13 rating, which doesn't have the "no people under 17 can freely get in the theater" limitation that rated R films have. This helps ensure more people can easily watch the film in theaters.

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BBFC is the British version of the same thing. I think a lot of countries have their own classification board. –  DisgruntledGoat Dec 31 '12 at 11:59

And to answer your second question, the MPAA doesn't explain their criteria. A lot of directors guess at what is acceptable, and will even throw in some obvious, over the top scenes in hopes that something else (what they really want) will pass through. See "Censor Decoy" and "Getting Crap Past the Radar" on tvtrope.org's page.

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