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The Shawshank Redemption is ranked as the "Top Rated" movie according to IMDB's Top 250 List.

What makes it so important and unique in the world of cinema? Does it have to do purely with acting/plot, or have there been some other new things that came along with the movie?

UPDATE: just to clarify a bit, this question is NOT about IMDB's top 250 list. The question is in other words:

"Why is The Shawshank Redemption such a big title in the history of cinema? What is the key in making it so famous?"

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You might want to avoid looking at it in terms of IMDb specifically... as one of your answers shows, their metrics make those lists.... but this is on many top film lists, not only on IMDbs. Also, if you are going to use the IMDb list, please consider linking to it rather than simply mentioning it... they have lots of different lists. – Catija Feb 4 at 19:31
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@Catija: I don't think the question is phrased in terms of just IMDB - I think the answered just took it that way. It would be good to get a link to IMDB in though. – Andrew Martin Feb 4 at 19:32
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"...most famous movie according to IMDb's top 250 list". So is the question why its on the IMDb list? Or is the question "why do so many people like the movie so much"? – sanpaco Feb 4 at 19:34
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@sanpaco: I'm just going by the title: What makes The Shawshank Redemption so cinematically important? – Andrew Martin Feb 4 at 19:36
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@sanpaco But questions about IMDb are also, in most cases, off topic. Asking to understand what elements of a film make it notable is fine. That's objective... asking why someone likes a film is subjective. – Catija Feb 4 at 19:38
up vote 62 down vote accepted

I believe it is due to its great acting and very memorable plot.

I'm not aware of any widely-used cinematic techniques that were invented due to the film.

When the film was initially released, it struggled at the box office (it earned just $727,000 in its opening weekend). Despite this it received huge critical acclaim, garnered seven Oscar nominations and the rest was history - it's simply become one of the most popular, beloved films of all time.

Quite why this occurred is due to a number of reasons:

  1. The friendship of Andy and Red.
  2. The "simplicity" of Andy's escape.
  3. The longing for Andy to be free, given his ordeal.
  4. The uplifting nature of the finale of the film.
  5. The perseverance Andy showed.
  6. Morgan Freeman's sensational voice.

It just touches on so many wonderful, magical issues and that has continued to resonate with audiences ever since. As Tim Robbins (i.e. Andy) himself said:

'All I know...is that there isn't a day when I'm not approached about that film - approached by people who say how important that film is to them, who tell me that they've seen it 20, 30, 40 times, and who are just so... thankful.'

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There's another important point: It's a film both men and women can watch, and it doesn't have one of those predictable and boring textbook romances forced onto it. – Peter Feb 4 at 22:30
    
@Peter: Definitely, a very good point. – Andrew Martin Feb 4 at 22:33
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+1 "Morgan Freeman's sensational voice." – Lindsey D Feb 5 at 6:59
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It's also very well written (I suppose that's mostly, but not entirely, covered by the mention of the plot) by perhaps the second-best-selling author of the 20th century, Stephen King. Love him or hate him, he knows how to write in a way that affects people. The fact that Shawshank is not a horror story means people who are not into horror get to experience King's writing and many have found they really like it. Every part of the movie is very well done. The soundtrack, costumes, cinematography, etc. – Todd Wilcox Feb 5 at 7:56
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I think "Morgan Freeman's sensational voice" qualifies as a "widely-used cinematic technique ... invented due to the film." – Josh Feb 5 at 13:49

"Important"? I'm not sure it's really "important", but it's a great movie. It's a wonderfully crafted revenge story. And it's not a revenge you see coming. It's not obvious like "I Know What You Did Last Summer" or "I Spit On Your Grave". You don't even see it coming until it happens. People love a good revenge story. People want to see the good guy get beaten down repeatedly until he comes back and wins. It's "Rocky" in a prison.

The fact that the actors gave amazing performances also helps quite a bit. Add to that the fact that it was written by Stephen King, and you've got a winner.

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The material (King's story) was extraordinary, and the actors and director really understood it and mined the very best out of it. I guess that falls under "amazing performances"... (I should say, props to screenwriter(s) as well.) – Jeff Y Feb 5 at 21:06
    
+1 I think Johnny Bones nailed it. A good guy finds himself in a seemingly impossible situation but triumphs in the end, helping his friend and defeating an evil villain along the way... that's a simple yet universally appealing story framework, and Shawshank executed it flawlessly. – Shiz Z. Feb 6 at 0:13

From IMDb's own explanation, the following explains how their rankings are determined

How do you calculate the rank of movies and TV shows on the Top 250 Rated Charts?

The following formula is used to calculate the Top Rated 250 titles. This formula provides a true 'Bayesian estimate', which takes into account the number of votes each title has received, minimum votes required to be on the list, and the mean vote for all titles:

weighted rating (WR) = (v ÷ (v+m)) × R + (m ÷ (v+m)) × C

Where:

R = average for the movie (mean) = (Rating) v = number of votes for the movie = (votes) m = minimum votes required to be listed in the Top 250 (currently 25,000) C = the mean vote across the whole report

Please be aware that the Top Rated Movies Chart only includes theatrical features: shorts, TV movies, miniseries and documentaries are not included in the Top Rated Movies Chart. The Top Rated TV Shows Chart includes TV Series, but not TV episodes or Movies.

It is essentially based on highest average ratings, taking into account the number of ratings.

EDIT: Due to the clarification of the question I'm adding some more to my answer to describe my personal view of what makes the movie such an acclaimed classic.

In a sense, the movie is a perfect storm of elements that make it such a compelling and memorable movie.

  1. Written by Stephen King who is and was at the time considered one of the greatest American authors of our time.
  2. Period piece depicting life in an American prison in the early 1900s.
  3. Classic story of a man wrongly accused gaining his revenge and redemption.
  4. Great twist including an elaborate and fantastical prison escape a la Count of Monte Cristo.
  5. Compelling and sympathetic characters.
  6. The hero wins in the end due to a combination of book and street smarts.
  7. Wonderful casting and acting
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This may be true in reference to IMDb specifically, but it's on many of the top films lists, including the AFI list where it sits at 72 of 100. – Catija Feb 4 at 19:30
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The question specifically asked why it was on the IMDb top 250 unless I'm misunderstanding. – sanpaco Feb 4 at 19:32
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@sanpaco: It asked why it was so cinematically important. It just linked to IMDB as an example of one site that considered it important. – Andrew Martin Feb 4 at 19:34
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Except that IMDB doesn't say it's "important and unique", it says it's highly-rated, and this answer explains what IMDB is saying. So I think it's worth accounting for the phenomenon that caused the questioner to believe the film to be important and unique, as well as accounting for the importance and/or uniqueness of the film. If those aren't the same thing, well, then the question contains a false premise and it's still valuable to illustrate both parts :-) – Steve Jessop Feb 5 at 1:52
    
I hope those who down voted are aware of the ambiguity of the question before it was edited, which was when I added this answer. – sanpaco Feb 7 at 2:42

What can be said about The Shawshank Redemption that has not been said before? The film speaks for itself with the amount of awards that it has been nominated for, and won.

The film was released with an 'R' rating. Back in 1994 there was quite a bit of voodoo and hand waving from the MPAA for how a film was rated. It was more difficult to work out exactly what caused a film to be considered one rating or another so the film could be edited to fall under a lesser rating. Now studios actively fight ratings because they understand what the effect is of having an 'R' rating, but this was more rare during around the time period when Shawshank was released.

The film initially did suffer quite a bit from having an 'R' rating. This likely affected box office turnout. The silver lining is that the film was easily edited down for content to it could be shown on television.

Besides the rating, this film has all of the elements of a successful drama. It has likable characters such as Andy, and Red that the audience can relate to and rally behind. The audience is able to get a sense of how the main characters are feeling at any specific time. It also contains characters that we can all collectively hate such as Warden Norton and Captain Hadley.

It is difficult to find any flaws in the film. It is not tedious to watch. Events move rather quickly, and there are not any long lulls or non-sequiturs that detract from it. There is a sense of gritty realism that is often hard to capture on film. Tim Robbins' deadpan delivery always hit the mark. Could you imagine this film occasionally breaking into a song and dance routine? That would completely ruin it.

The story has a well written arc with a definite beginning and end. In the end, the protagonists walk into the sunset, and the antagonists get what is coming to them. There is a satisfaction seeing how things work out. There are times which are very dark, and you have no idea what is going to happen next.

There is a certain inherit sadness of the film which shows how easily life can pass you by while you are in prison. In the beginning, there is a constant wanting to get out, but if you are there for too long, you lose touch with the outside world and become institutionalized. What hits home, is that what goes on in this film is still going on every day. There are many people who are caught up in the system that don't really belong there. Because of these elements, this film is timeless, and an instant classic. In another 20 years, this film will be just as good as it is today. That cannot be said for the vast majority of films.

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The movie garnering so much acclaim may be due to:

  1. The acting skills of the talented actors: Tim Robbins, and Morgan Freeman.

  2. Definitely the story is one of the strongest points in the movie.

    Where a normal man, patiently handles wisely all the pressures inside the Prison. A man who is respected by the majority of the inmates.

  3. I would like to say that the story of this prisoner whose determination earns his freedom, spans 22 years. It ends with a great result and pays him off. A major suspense which most of us wouldn't think of doing.

And the friendship which they Andy and Red both shared was just an inspiration for all.

It may not be the direct answer, but the movie really had the VALUES and a THINKING what a common MAN can do if he wills to. (Anything is possible with HARDWORK and DEDICATION)

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nice to find a short recap. I slightly disagree with the last sentence: it sounds overly conservative. Not all people with will get results, just some. Yet again, a agree that the calm underlying thinking processes are very well placed in scene. – nilon May 22 at 20:58

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