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As we have seen so far in Game of Thrones, Tywin Laninster played hidden roles behind all major activities in the seven kingdoms. He was a mastermind of war techniques and politics.

He had selected to become a hand of the king. But the major question is why he never tried to become a king. He was very ambitious regarding power.

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Well, you need some valid claim based on heritage and blood-lines to claim yourself a rightful king to begin with. – Napoleon Wilson Jan 12 at 18:50
    
Yes but he was a Laninster blood. – Ravi Hirani Jan 12 at 18:52
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But Lannister blood doesn't make him a king, Baratheon blood does. Joffrey wasn't king because of the Lannister side of the family, but because of his (so to be officially believed) father Robert Baratheon. – Napoleon Wilson Jan 12 at 18:54
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@CrowTRobot Granted. Yet I guess it served Tywin much better to easily steer the kingdom with his grandson as puppet, rather than spending huge expenses into a war that others already fight among themselves. (Do I sense an answer here?) – Napoleon Wilson Jan 12 at 18:55
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My guess is he believes/realizes that the most power and least responsibility to waste time on courtly duties is actually held by people on the king's council, probably the hand most of all. Put another way: he is probably too smart to think that being the king is a good thing. – Todd Wilcox Jan 12 at 19:06
up vote 37 down vote accepted

Now first of all, Tywin Lannister did not actually have a valid claim for the throne at all. The throne is based on heritage and blood-lines. While Tywin is a nobleman from one of the major houses, he's not from the house that currently provides the kings of Westeros, which is House Baratheon. Joffrey is not king because of the Lannister side of the family, but because of his (so to be officially believed) father, Robert Baratheon.

If you compare, all the other attendees in the fight for the throne base their claim on that blood heritage in some way or aren't actually interested in the throne either. The Baratheon brothers claim that Joffrey is a Lannister bastard of Jaime and thus that they are the true inheritors, as brothers of the last king. And the Starks don't fight for the throne, but for the North's independence from the king.

Now what you could argue is that Tywin could just seize the throne by violent measures, like Robert Baratheon actually did. However, that's not a great idea for a variety of reasons:

  • There are already many different parties fighting against each other for the Iron Throne and the Lannisters would have to fight all of them to seize the throne. This would cost him quite a bit. It's much better to just see all the other houses expense themselves over a useless war.

  • In contrast to all the other parties, they don't even have the slightest part of a valid claim, they would simply be violent invaders to the throne without any reason. This could be viewed very strangely by the overall population. When Robert seized the throne from the Mad King, he still freed the people from, well, a mad king afterall.

  • Last but not least, he doesn't need the throne at all. He already is Hand of the King and can practically rule the country easily through the willing dumb puppet Joffrey (or Tommen for that matter). You notice that it is actually him (or his daughter Cersei) who is behind most of the major decisions executed by the Kingdom anyway. Actually being king is just a vanity gain that Tywin has no interest in at all. It's pretty much the council that controls Westeros and not the King.

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Updated some of the capitalisations of the proper nouns. – Mooz Jan 12 at 23:25
    
@Mooz Thanks, but "throne" isn't actually one. – Napoleon Wilson Jan 12 at 23:26
    
Not usually, but in this case the Iron Throne is. I'm pretty sure it has been referred to as "The Throne". Because it's not just a physical throne to sit on, but also an institution, similar to The Vatican. Also, my grammar isn't 100% air-tight, so I will leave this to your discretion :) – Mooz Jan 12 at 23:29
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@Mooz Yeah, but even if using it synonymous for the job of being king it doesn't seem to be a proper noun. It could be any throne in any kingdom. And at the places where it includes "Iron" I have capitalized it. – Napoleon Wilson Jan 12 at 23:30
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It might be good to point out the King Robert asserted his claim to the throne on the basis that his relative (grandmother?) was a Taergaryan. – erdekhayser Jan 13 at 2:46

There are two reasons:

  1. He was never in the line of succession.

At no point during the series is Tywin ever in a position to inherit. The throne was initially held by the Targaryen line until Robert took it, after which it was held by the Baratheon line. By all accounts, Westeros follows the same basic kind of inheritance laws as medieval Europe, meaning that the line of succession passes through the King's family, but never into the Queen's.

  1. He preferred to be the "power behind the throne".

Succession laws aside, there were likely opportunities for Tywin to claim the throne if he really wanted it. His position during Robert's Rebellion probably gave him the opportunity, as did his military power during the War of the Five Kings (especially after Joffrey's death).

However, it seems pretty clear from his actions that he doesn't want to be king. He wants someone on the throne that he can control -- ideally his grandchildren, if he can help it. But even when Robert and Aerys were on the throne, Tywin's military and economic influence meant they could not afford to ignore him and his family. He was even a key reason why Robert's Rebellion succeeded in the first place.

At one point, I believe he even makes this point directly to Joffrey: Joffrey's job is to be the King. Tywin's job is to keep him there. By sitting back and guiding the King's action indirectly, Tywin can maintain his position regardless of who is in power, while not having to deal with any of the problems that come with the position itself.

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Thanks Mike for your valuable answer :) – Ravi Hirani Jan 13 at 16:36

Jeez.. Guys definitely nothing to do with a line of succession. Its the seven 'kingdoms' each leader of the leading faction of each realm could already be considered a king. Baratheon at this point is only a second generation King lineage. And the Baratheon's obtained their kingship through civil war... Tywin could have the throne if he wanted, he dosnt want the position though.. Just the power and he dosnt need to be King to have that.

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