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* TV SPOILERS below *

As seen in the final episode of the 4th Season of Game of Thrones, The Mountain is actually alive but dying a slow and painful death due to the poison that was used on the Viper's spear that The Viper used to impale and injure The Mountain, just before dying himself in the ultimate death.

Which leaves me wondering. Did Oberyn ever expect to win the trial of combat (which would mean death of The Mountain in the trial) or did he simply want to make sure that if he were to lose, The Mountain would suffer a terrible and painful death?

Answers from the books will also be accepted.

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Are you asking if the Viper was on a suicide mission? I'm not sure how that would have been of any tactical advantage. I think the poison was merely insurance, but he wouldn't have fought unless he thought he was going to win... –  John Smith Optional Jun 17 at 22:13
@JohnSmithOptional - sort of... I'm really trying to understand why he bothered to use poison if he just wanted to kill The Mountain. Was it really insurance? if so that's the answer I'm looking for. –  Jared Jun 17 at 22:24
What else could it be? He wanted a guaranteed kill; Manticore Venom dragging the death out slowly and painfully. Even if The Mountain crushed him quickly and without significant injury, he'd still be assured of an agonizing death via the venom. He's clearly confident of Victory, but all he wants is a platform where he has public attention to lay claims against both The Mountain and Tywin Lannister. –  John Smith Optional Jun 17 at 22:34
Please explain the down vote. –  Jared Jun 18 at 3:53
@DarrickHerwehe I'm not sure "expect" carries exactly the same meaning as "intend", though. The former implies an accepted death while the latter implies a deliberate one. While I'd also consider the former more likely (if any), the original questions seemed to ask for the latter. –  Napoleon Wilson Jun 18 at 22:38
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There is no POV chapter from Oberyn in the book so we do not truely know his chain of thought. However, it is highly unlikely he did not expect to win the dual.

He is an experienced and accomplished fighter and, although the TV episode has the fight more one sided than in the book, he is correctly confident he can beat the Mountain. He poisoned his blade (hence he tells Tyrion not to touch it) but he is known for doing that.

Most likely (as I said we cannot know for sure) was that he intended beating the Mountain into the ground and forcing him to confess before leaving him too badly injured to continue. Then he would be able to walk away having forced Gregor to publically implicate Tywin for ordering the rape and murder of his sister whilst Gregor suffered a slow, agonising death.

If Gregor was unable to even sit up I doubt anyone would question that Oberyn had won the fight but if there was an issue then Oberyn would still have had the option of killing him there and then.

On the other hand if Oberyn lost then, providing he wounded Gregor, he would still have his revenge against him even if Tywin had not been implicated.

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In the books Oberyn Martell was infamous for always poisoning his weapons. It's part of the reason why he got the nickname "The Red Viper". Lacing his blade with poison accomplished two things:

  • A potent enough poison can disable an opponent if the duel lasted long enough.

  • Ensures that the opponent dies even if he survives the duel (wins or surrenders).

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+1, exactly: insurance. Manticore Poison, being slow acting, in this case guarantees the second of these, he obviously wasn't anticipating a lengthy fight; either way...win win. –  John Smith Optional Jun 17 at 22:35
+1 it's his style of killing. Hence Oberyn the Red Viper Martell –  KharoBangdo Jun 18 at 3:38
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