How about The Final Countdown (1980)?
From the Wiki article:
In 1980, the supercarrier USS Nimitz takes on a civilian observer,
Warren Lasky (Martin Sheen), at the orders of his reclusive and
mysterious employer, Mr. Tideman (who helped design much of the ship),
just before it departs Pearl Harbor for a training mission in the
Pacific Ocean. Out in the Pacific, the ship encounters a strange
storm-like vortex which disappears after the ship passes through it.
Initially unsure of what has happened and having lost radio contact
with Pacific Fleet Command, as well as any of the U.S. fleet, the ship
launches numerous aircraft to determine their status. After a
reconnaissance aircraft discovers an intact pre-World War II Pacific
battleship fleet at Pearl Harbor, an F-14 Tomcat patrol discovers a
1940s era yacht, along with a patrol of Japanese Zeros.