They do, sometimes, depending on what your definition of a goof is. A famous example I can think of was from the Bond movie A View to a Kill. The evil company in the film was called Zorin. As per the Wiki for the movie:
When a company with a name similar to Zorin (the Zoran Corporation)
was discovered in the United States, a disclaimer was added to the
start of the film affirming that Zorin was not related to any
I imagine one of the biggest reasons why it seems they don't is that newspaper are printing real life stories and are legally accountable for any mistakes in their statistics (to give an example). Thus if they print a misleading story, action can be taken against them. Movies, being a form of entertainment, aren't subject to the same laws (which is why a movie could include a scene with whatever statistics is wanted on issues like the death penalty, or global warming, whereas a newspaper couldn't).
As for minor redactions for typos, this isn't something that tends to be an issue in film as it's the audio we hear. Mistakes in subtitles are rare and, if found, can be easily corrected with the next release of a version of a film. More serious mistakes, e.g. a digital watch being worn on the wrist of character in the Wild West don't really affect the story and would be costly to edit out - whereas in a novel version of the story, the same mistake could be rectified in minutes with the new version used in the next release.